RS AQA revision

Key Terms

Buddhism and Christianity quotes

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  • Created on: 21-05-13 22:02
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RS Revision Key Terms Dr WB
RS Revision: Matters of Life
Morality A system of ethics about what is right or wrong
Ethics The theory relating to morality
Absolute morality What is morally right and wrong applies to all circumstances, at all
times
Relative morality What is morally right or wrong in any situation depends upon its
particular circumstances
Sanctity of life Life is sacred because it is God given
Value of life The value of a person over and above physical value
Quality of life A measure of fulfilment
Fertility treatment Medical procedure to assist an infertile couple to have a child
In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) A scientific method of making a woman pregnant, which does not
involve sex. Conception occurs via sperm and egg being placed into a
test tube
Test- tube baby Term used for a baby created outside of the woman's body
Artificial Insemination Sperm medically inserted into the vagina to assist pregnancy
Surrogacy Woman's egg fertilised artificially by another woman's partner.
Artificial Insemination by When a woman is made pregnant by her husband's sperm, but not by
husband (AIH) sex.
Artificial Insemination by When a woman is made pregnant by the sperm of a man other than
donor (AID) her partner, but not through sex.
Transplant surgery When someone else's organs are put into a patient
Blood Transfusion When a patient is given extra blood as a part of an operation
Human genetic engineering The modification of gene make-up to change the features of a
human
Embryology The study of human embryos
Embryo Fertilised ovum at about 12-14 days when implanted into the wall of
the womb
Designer babies Babies with gender and characteristics chosen by their parents, which
is currently illegal
Stem cell A cell, most often taken from a 4-5 day old embryo, whose role in the
body is yet to be determined
Saviour siblings A sibling genetically compatible with a sick child is implanted and born
to use stem cells to treat the sick child
Cloning The scientific method by which animals or plants can be created which
have exactly the same genetic make- up as the original, because the
DNA of the original is used
Human/ animal hybrid embryo An embryo made from human DNA and animal eggs for purposes of
experimentation
Human experimentation Testing products, usually medicines, on paid human volunteers
Conception The moment the sperm fertilises the egg
Quickening The first detectable movements of the foetus
Ensoulment The belief that at one moment the foetus receives a soul
Viable The point at which a foetus could survive if it were to be born
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Khaula Safdar Nightingale 6/ 10F

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RS Revision Key Terms Dr WB
RS Revision: Drug Abuse
Drug A substance which, when taken, affects the body or mind
Prescription drugs Drugs legally obtained only with a doctor's consent
Drug abuse Using drugs in a way that harms the user
Illegal drugs Drugs which are illegal to possess, sell or use, put into 3
classifications according to their potential harm and addictiveness
Social drugs Legal drugs which are still addictive such as alcohol, nicotine, caffeine
Legal drugs Drugs that can be purchased legally.…read more

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RS Revision Key Terms Dr WB
RS Revision: Crime and punishment
Crime An offence punishable by law
Duty A moral or legal obligation
Responsibility A duty to care for or having control over someone or something
Conscience The inner feeling you are doing right or wrong
Crime against person Wrongdoing that directly harms a person e.g. murder, assault
Crimes against property Damaging items that belong to somebody else e.g. vandalism
Crime against the state An offence aimed at damaging the government or country e.g.…read more

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RS Revision Key Terms Dr WB
RS Revision: Rich and Poor in British society
Wealth A large amount of money or investments
Poverty Being without money, food or other basic needs of life- being poor
Debt Situation where a person owes more money than they possess
Inheritance When a friend or family member leaves you money or property in their will
when they die.…read more

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