GCSE Textiles Revision

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  • Created on: 27-04-12 11:18
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1. When was Art Deco established and where?
Art Deco was established in the 1920's and flourished internationally throughout the 1930s and into the World
War II era in France.
2. What influenced Art Deco?
The Art Deco style was influenced by a number of other art movements. Some art movements that had a major
influence on Art Deco were:
Cubism - the reduction of natural forms to their geometrical equivalents
Expressionism - forms derived from nature are distorted or exaggerated and colours are intensified for
emotive or expressive purposes
Futurism - forms derived chiefly from Cubism were used to represent rapid movements and dynamic
motion; showing hostility to traditional forms of expression
Vorticism - using the concept of a vortex
Some other influences on Art Deco were the Russian Ballet, American Indian art, and ancient Egyptian art
3. How is Art Deco different from Art Nouveau?
Art Nouveau [wiki] (it means "new art," but you probably figured that out) reigned from roughly 1880 until just
before World War I. Art Nouveau embraced Europe's new industrial aesthetic rather than challenging it. It
features naturalistic but stylized forms, often combined with more geometric shapes, particularly arcs,
parabolas, and semicircles (think of the paintings of Gustav Klimt or the arches of the Eiffel Tower). The
movement brought in natural forms that had often been overlooked like insects, weeds, even mythical faeries,
as evidenced by Aliquot jewellery or Tiffany lamps. The black and gold Kate Wins let doffs in the erotic portrait
session scene in Titanic is quintessentially Art Nouveau.
Art Deco [wiki], on the other hand, emerged after World War I. In fact, the deprivations of the Great War years
gave way to a whole new opulence and extravagance that defined the Jazz Age and the Art Deco aesthetic. The
movement, prevalent from the 1920s until roughly the start of World War II, took its name from the 1925
Exposition Internationals des Arts Decorative et Industrials Moderns (say that ten times, fast), held in France and
is characterized by streamlined and geometric shapes. It also utilized modern materials like chrome, stainless
steel, and inlaid wood. If Art Deco dabbled with natural materials, they tended to be graphic or textural, like zebra
skin or jagged fern leaves. As a result, Deco featured bold shapes like sunbursts and zigzags and broad curves. In
fact, if you check out the spire of the Chrysler Building, the hotels of Miami's South Beach, or the "coffin nose" if
a 1935 Cord Model 810, you'll be staring at the very definition of Deco.
4. What are the key features of Art Deco?
Geometric Shapes, Clean Lines, Smooth Textures and ManMade Materials
5. Where can we see Art Deco around us?
They come in buildings, furniture and even jewelry

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