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Religion: Crime and punishment



The need for law and justice

Why do we need laws?

Humans live in groups and all groups need rules to organise the behaviour of individuals
within it. The law lets people know what sort of behaviour to expect from others.
Laws are needed so that…

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They believe that the only way to stop crime is to reform the criminal so that they
become honest law ­ abiding citizens who will not want to commit crimes again.
They believe that most criminals commit crimes because of how they have been
brought up.
Reformative punishments often involve…

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Retribution and/or compensation are major parts of punishment and the only
retribution/compensation for taking a life is for the criminal's life to be taken.

Non-religious arguments against capital punishment

No court system can be sure that the correct verdict is given
Countries that do not use the death penalty have…

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The laws on drugs and alcohol

UK laws on tobacco

Illegal to sell to anyone under the age 18
Must have hard-hitting health warnings and carry shocking pictures on the effects of smoking
All adverts for tobacco products are banned
It is against the law to smoke in all indoor…

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Different attitudes to drugs and alcohol in Christianity

Against illegal drugs because:

It is against the law and Christians should obey the law as long as it is just
St Paul taught that a Christian's body is a temple of the Holy Spirit which should not be
abused and taking…

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Crime An act against the law

Judgment The act of judging people and their actions

Justice Due to allocation of reward and punishment/the
maintenance of what is right

Law Rules made by Parliament and enforceable by the courts

Capital The death penalty for a crime or offence
Punishment

Deterrence The…

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