key terms

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  • Created by: bwillows1
  • Created on: 27-04-14 14:32
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    • crime
      • an offence that is punishable by law (eg stealing)
    • duty
      • a moral or legal obligation
    • responsability
      • a duty to care for or having control over something or someone
    • conscience
      • the inner feeling you are doing right or wrong
    • crime against the person
      • wrong doing that directly harms a person (eg murder/ assault)
    • crime against the property
      • damaging items that belong to somebody else (eg vandalism)
    • crime against the state
      • an offence aimed at damaging the government or a country (eg treason)
    • religious offence
      • an offence against religion (eg blasphemy)
    • punishment
      • something done to a person because they have broken the law
    • protection
      • keeping the public from being harmed, threatened or injured by criminals
    • retribution
      • an aim of punishment - to get your own back- "an eye for an eye"
    • deterrence
      • an aim of punishment - to put people off from committing crimes
    • reform
      • an aim of punishment - to change someones behaviour for the better
    • vindication
      • an aim of punishment that means offenders must be punished to show that the law must be respected and is what is right
    • reparation
      • an aim of punishment designed to help an offender to put something back into society
    • young offender
      • a person under 18 who has broken the law
    • imprisonment
      • when a person is put in jail for committing a crime
    • prison reform
      • a movement that tries to ensure offenders are treated humanely in prison
    • death penalty
      • capital punishment; form of punishment which a prisoner is out to death for the crimes committed
    • community service
      • unpaid work that an offender performs for the benefit of the local community rather than going to prison
    • electronic tagging
      • an offender has to wear an electronic device which tracks their movement to ensure the restrictions of movement are observed
    • fine
      • money paid as punishment for crime or another offence
    • probation
      • an alternative to prison where the offender has to meet regularly with a probation officer to ensure that they do not re-offend. movement may be restricted
    • parole
      • when a prisoner is released without having completed their sentence because they have behaved well and accepted their guilt. the prisoner is monitored to try and ensure that they to not re offend
    • life imprisonement
      • a prison sentence that (theoretically) keeps people in prison until they die
    • early release
      • when a prisoner is allowed out of prison even thought they have not completed their sentence or fulfilled the criteria for getting parole


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