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[FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY] Jasmine Wilson



Approaches to profiling
Profiling helps the police to identify the perpetrators of serious crime.

The US (top down) approach
The FBI researched background, personality,
behaviours, crimes and motives of 36 serial killers.
Crime scene analysis indicates type of offender and
the classification indicates possible characteristics.
Stages…

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[FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY] Jasmine Wilson



Evaluation of the British (bottom up) approach AO2
UK profiling methods, unlike US methods, are based on statistical data
rather than informal intuition. House used SSA to show that different types of
rape could be identified by characteristics from the crime and Santtila et al
found…

Page 3

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[FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY] Jasmine Wilson



Decision making of juries
Research has shown that the verdict of juries if often influenced by the physical
attractiveness of the defendant and even their race, accent and gender. IT can
also be influenced by majority/minority influence.

Physical attractiveness
Attractive people are less likely to be…

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[FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY] Jasmine Wilson


received longer sentences than white defendants for the same crime (Stewart).

OJ Simpson (real life case) divided America ­ white Americans saw obvious guilt
because of physical evidence, black Americans saw police misconduct.





Evaluation AO2
Gordon et al found that black burglars were given longer sentences…

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[FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY] Jasmine Wilson


Majority group members are more forthright and seem more logical and
intelligent therefore people are likely to follow their decisions.

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