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Memory
1. Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968) proposed The Multi-Store Model of Memory, this consisted
of: the Sensory Memory, the STM and the LTM. The Sensory memory retains information
from the senses (sound, vision etc) and if that is paid attention to it passes to the STM and if
rehearsed it…

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capacity of 2 seconds. The phonological store receives auditory information (the things you
hear) and stores it in an acoustic code. The visuo-spatial scratchpad helps to rehearse visual
information in terms of size, colour and shape.

The Working Memory Model has research support but usually these studies are artificial as…

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However, it is believed that age could not be the cause of memory accuracy, poor health may
contribute or lack of stimulation of the memory for older people could be a contributing factor.
For example, young people have exams to stimulate their mind, this could help their EWT.

There are…

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The Cognitive Interview
The cognitive interview was developed by Fisher and Geiselman (1992). The four techniques
used in the cognitive interview are as follows:-

1. Change of narrative order ­ recount the scene in a different chronological order, such
as from the end to the beginning.
2. Change of perspective…

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they are placed in that order on the way to college. However, the route cannot be used too
often or the items/objects in the list will get muddled.

Peg word mnemonic = this includes rhyme and rhythm along with a visual object. For example:

One is a bun
Two is…

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