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Pressure Groups and Protest Movements Exam Papers

January 2011

a) Explain what the term "direct action" means (5)

Direct action aims to cause disruption or inconvenience e.g. strikes, blockades, boycotts
and sit-ins. Non-violent forms of direct action is often called civil disobedience, for
example Greenham's Common Women's Peace Camp in…

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Vital for Democracy:

Pressure groups occur naturally under any system or government. People have a
natural desire to unite in protection of their own interests or in advancing a
particular cause.
Pressure groups allow people to organise and articulate their views between
elections
Groups provide an additional avenue for participation,…

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influence on the decision making process, undermining long term planning and joined-
up government
Are groups "educating" or "misleading" the government and the broader public?
Though most cause groups really do believe in what they are saying, this does not
mean that the information that they provide is wholly free…

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aims to promote the most good the biggest amount of people, which can lead the
minority to be ignored. However, this is a system which aims to suite all so pressure
groups that are using illegal methods to increase the volume of their political voice
conflicts with the voice of…

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Lobbying doesn't necessarily mean that only outsider groups have to do it, competing
insider groups still have to lobby with government in order to get their voice heard
over issues such as health, business, education and the economy. This can be seen
especially in the government's work with trade unions…

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