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Pressure groups past paper questions:

January 2009:

(a) Using examples, distinguish between sectional and promotional pressure
groups (5)

Paragraph 1: The distinction between sectional and promotional groups
is simple. Sectional pressure groups are groups that represent the
specific interests of a section in society. For example UNITE is a

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(for example this is was shown by the libdem concentrated young people
in the 2011 election with university tuition fee)

(c)To what extent do pressure groups promote pluralist democracy? (25)

Intro: Before one is able to assess the extensity, one must be able to
define what is meant by pluralist…

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June 2009

(a) What is meant by pluralism? (5)

Paragraph 1: Pluralism is the idea that the political system
consists of a wide range of beliefs, ideologies and ideas. It
also features the idea of power being widely dispersed
instead of being in a few hands. It can be argued…

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(c)To what extent have pressure groups become more important in recent
years? (25)

Intro: There have been many debates on the extensity of pressure
groups importance in recent years due to membership and
activities, growth in technology and cooperation between them.
Paragraph 1: It is clear to point out that…

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groups with similar ideas such as Greenpeace and the Friends
of the Earth. As a result it may even split their movement.

January 2010

(a)Using example, Distinguish between insider and outside pressure groups (5)

Paragraph 1: An insider pressure group has a close and productive
relationship with the government. By…

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(c)To what extent do pressure groups promote political participation in the UK? (25)

Intro: Political participation is very important as it conveys and
promotes democracy ­ government for the people, by the people,
through the people.
Paragraph 1: Anyone can join a pressure group no matter what
age, which in…


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