Unit 1: Past paper plans part 1

Pressure groups past paper plans

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Pressure groups past paper questions:
January 2009:
(a) Using examples, distinguish between sectional and promotional pressure
groups (5)
Paragraph 1: The distinction between sectional and promotional groups
is simple. Sectional pressure groups are groups that represent the
specific interests of a section in society. For example UNITE is a
sectional pressure groups as it represents the interest of students.
Promotional groups on the other hand are therefore pressure
groups which represent the whole society. This means that they work
for the good of society. An example of this is Greenpeace as they want to
improve the environment to benefit the whole community.
(b)Explain the methods used by pressure groups to influence government. (10)
Paragraph 1: Insider pressure groups have great access to influence
government due to the status implying that they are directly consulted
by parliament. They can influence government by contacting both
ministers and civil servants upon the issues. Additionally, by
pressure groups funding a party, it creates likelihood on when the party
gains power to subvert pressure group ideas (trade unions on labour)
Analysis: This type of method is very rare and relies on the pressure
group having money to support political parties. Despite this method the
trade unions such as NUT weren't able to influence the labour party
when Tony Blair came to power.
Paragraph 2: Outsider groups, in particular may use direct actions to
influence government. This is through striking (teacher strikes),
campaigns and marches such as the "stop the war" against going to war
with Iraq in 2003.
Analysis: this method is limited, particularly the "stop the war" march as 1
million people marched in London, yet the government didn't change
their mind due to the different ideas on interfering.
Paragraph 3: Lastly, pressure group uses methods such as mobilising
public opinion. With reduction in membership in parties and rise in
pressure groups, if a party wishes to retain or regain power they must try
to ensure that it promotes issues that will win its votes
Analysis: this gives pressure groups now a great deal of political
leverage. If they can demonstrate to political leases that the issue they
support have a widespread of interest, those leaders are forced to listen.

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To what extent do pressure groups promote pluralist democracy? (25)
Intro: Before one is able to assess the extensity, one must be able to
define what is meant by pluralist democracy. Pluralist democracy
operates with numerous organised groups who all have some
political leverage in the decisions such as making forum.…read more

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June 2009
(a) What is meant by pluralism? (5)
Paragraph 1: Pluralism is the idea that the political system
consists of a wide range of beliefs, ideologies and ideas. It
also features the idea of power being widely dispersed
instead of being in a few hands. It can be argued that pressure
groups contribute towards pluralism as there are numerous
and varied pressure groups which also convey ideas and beliefs
that would normally be ignored by main parties.…read more

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To what extent have pressure groups become more important in recent
years? (25)
Intro: There have been many debates on the extensity of pressure
groups importance in recent years due to membership and
activities, growth in technology and cooperation between them.
Paragraph 1: It is clear to point out that with the growing use of
technology and the vast growth of the internet that it is easy for
New Social Movements to be created and to recruit member.…read more

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Greenpeace and the Friends
of the Earth. As a result it may even split their movement.
January 2010
(a)Using example, Distinguish between insider and outside pressure groups (5)
Paragraph 1: An insider pressure group has a close and productive
relationship with the government. By this, it means that the pressure
group will be consulted before and during policy making. Examples of this
are the NSPCA who gives advice on policy of animal rights.
An outsider pressure group has little or no contact with
government.…read more

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To what extent do pressure groups promote political participation in the UK? (25)
Intro: Political participation is very important as it conveys and
promotes democracy ­ government for the people, by the people,
through the people.
Paragraph 1: Anyone can join a pressure group no matter what
age, which in particular influences young people to join as they
cannot voice their opinion through voting.…read more


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