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A pollutant is energy or matter, which is released into the environment with a potential to
cause adverse changes to an ecosystem. The properties of pollutants can affect the way
they effect the environment around them:
· State of Matter whether the pollutant is in solid, liquid or gas form.…

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Atmospheric Pollution:
Acid Rain:
The major causes of acid rain are the release of SOx and NOx gases into the atmosphere
from the combustion of fossil fuels, other gases like ozone can also enhance the acidic
Acid rain affects both nonliving and living organisms. It can cause corrosion on…

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Smoke can increase the albedo effect of the atmosphere and therefore decrease the
amount of heat reaching the surface climatic cooling. Smoke in the stratosphere can also
deplete the `good' ozone.
When inhaled, smoke particles can have serious effect on the longs like causing scar
tissue build up or irritation,…

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dispersal of cooler air.

Photochemical Smogs:
These are made when the emissions of vehicle exhausts react with sunlight. Nitrogen gas
does not usually react with oxygen gas, however at high temperatures they react to
produce a different range of NOx gases. NO2 is very toxic at high concentrations but

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The main causes of oil pollution are:
· Vehicle engine lubrication oil leaking or deliberately being released into the
· Industrial machine oil being washed into drains or mixed with other effluents.
· After ship tankers being washed to prevent the build up of tar, the washings can

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Inorganic Nutrient Pollution (Nitrates):
Mainly caused by run off of fertiliser into water bodies where it can cause eutrophication.
Or can also cause bluebaby syndrome in humans where babies slowly became a shade of
blue as nitrates where inhibiting take up of oxygen. The release of nitrates into the

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Noise Pollution:
Noise pollution can have damaging effects on organisms, some may include deafness,
nervous disorder or behavioural changes. It can also affect breeding or migration of
animals. Noise vibrations can cause acoustic fatigue on building which can eventually
turn into cracks and cause structural damage.
· Road vehicle Noise…

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· Composition of the waste which relates to bulk and mobility.
· Degradability.
· Flammability.
· Radioactivity.
· Toxicity.
Due to the rising affluence of the population, people are more able to afford to buy more
products and therefore they throw away more waste like packaging. Up to now waste…


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