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PERSONALITY FACTORS AND STRESS
We know that individual differences affect the
way that we perceive and cope with stressors
These individual differences are the differences
in people's personality traits, temperaments,
attitudes etc.…read more

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TYPE A BEHAVIOUR
A person who is categorised as Type A has the
tendency to want to keep achieving more and
more in less and less time
Friedman and Rosenman (1959) said that Type
A individuals have three key characteristics:
+ Competitiveness and achievement striving
+ Impatience and time urgency
+ Hostility and aggressiveness…read more

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TYPE A BEHAVIOUR
Friedman and Rosenman believed that these
characteristics would lead to
+ Raised blood pressure
+ Heightened levels of stress hormones
These are both linked to the development of
illnesses such as coronary heart disease (CHD)
Opposing Type A personality is Type B,
individuals of Type B behaviour are patient,
relaxed and laid-back…read more

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FRIEDMAN AND ROSENMAN (1960)
THE WESTERN COLLABORATIVE GROUP
STUDY
3000 men from California, aged 39 to 59 were
examined for signs of CHD (to exclude people
who were already ill) and their personalities
were assessed by interview
The interviewer acted provocatively to
encourage type A behaviour
After 8½ years twice as many Type A
participants had died because of cardiovascular
problems.…read more

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THE WESTERN COLLABORATIVE STUDY
CONT.
This table shows the
percentage of participants
of either Type A or Type B
Type Type
personality who
A B
experienced cardiovascular
problems
Heart attacks 12.8% 6%
Type A participants also
Recurring heart attacks 2.6% 0.8%
had higher blood pressure
Fatal heart attacks 2.7% 1.1% and cholesterol
Type As were also more
likely to smoke and have a
family history of CHD-
increasing their risk.…read more

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Comments

MrsMacLean

this is really helpful for aqa a. thanks a lot 

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