Peak District Tourism Case Study

Case Study detailing the costs and benefits of tourism in the Peak District.

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  • Created by: Liz Hunt
  • Created on: 07-05-09 14:30
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Created 1951.
Most visited, close to Manchester and
30million visits a year, mainly by car
It covers 1438 square kilometres
Benefits of Tourism
500 full-time jobs
350 part-time jobs
100 seasonal jobs
Income for; farmers' caravan and camping sites, local B&Bs, self-catering cottages
Local shops, honeypots ­ Castleton.
Tourism encourages preservation of historic buildings; restoring Caudwell Mills, traditional crafts
Peak District
Natural England
The main purposes of the Peak District National Park Authority are:
To conserve and enhance the natural beauty, wildlife and cultural heritage of the National
To promote opportunities for the understanding and enjoyment of its special qualities.
Inevitably there are situations whereby people either living, visiting or working in the Park wish to
use the land for activities that contradict these purposes. Balancing the needs of the natural
environment, society and the economy can be difficult and conflicts can easily arise that the
Authority must try to resolve.
Conservation needs
Moorland - Many protected species. Vegetation easily eroded.
Limestone Dales - Wide varieties of plant species, insects, butterflies.
Old buildings - close to narrow streets. Archaeological sites. Picturesque fragile landscape.
Community needs
Villagers - need shops, services, schools, transport, jobs.
Farmers - need to protect stock, improve grassland, increase herds.
Quarries - need to acquire more land, transport products.
Recreation needs
Walking - footpaths, open moorland.
Climbing - access to gritstone edges.
Facilities for visitors - in beauty spots and villages e.g. car parks, toilets. Information.
Problems of Tourism
87% visits by car ­ overcrowded car parks, blocked roads, overstretched facilities.

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Heavy use of major footpaths eroded, as well as from off-road vehicles and mountain bikes.
Disturbance to wildlife ­ mosses, lichens damaged by wall-climbers; moorland birds.
Damage to farmland ­ trampled grass = less winter feed for farm animals; farm animals killed by
loose dogs.
Local community feel pushed out when gift shops etc are more popular and used than local
`everyday' shops.
Possible Solutions
Promoting quiet recreation activities.
Promote event spread of visitors over year.…read more


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