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Acts passed
· 1906 - the Trades Disputes Act ruled that unions were
not liable for damages because of strikes.
· 1906 - the Workers Compensation Act granted
compensation for injury at work.
· 1907 - school medical inspections.
· 1908 - eight-hour day for miners.
· 1910 - half-day a week off for shop workers.
· A Merchant Shipping Act improved conditions for
sailors.
· From 1911, MPs were paid. This gave working men the
opportunity to stand for election.…read more

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Why did the Liberal government
introduce these reforms?
· Seebohm Rowntree's study of York in 1901 found
that 28 per cent of the population did not have
the minimum to live on at some time of their life.
· The Boer War - when Britain went to war in 1899,
the army found that two-thirds of the men who
volunteered for the army were unfit to join up.
· Germany - which had a good system of state
welfare for workers, was passing Britain as a great
industrial power.…read more

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Why did the Liberal government
introduce these reforms?
· Strikes, especially in 1910-12, and the growth of trade
unionism meant politicians feared that, unless
standards of living improved for the workers, they
might turn to Communism or rebellion.
· The Labour Party was growing stronger and it was
attracting working-class voters because of its demands
for welfare reform.
· In 1910, the Liberal Party did not get a majority of
seats in the House of Commons, so it had a coalition
with the 42 Labour Party MPs who had been elected.
· Many government politicians, especially Lloyd George,
genuinely wanted to 'wage war' on poverty.…read more

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Four Results of the Liberal reforms
1. Mixed effects on people's welfare
Measure For Against
By 1914, 150,000 children were Not compulsory - some councils did
Free school meals
getting one good meal a day. not provide free meals
Kept many old people out of the Was refused to people who had
Pensions
workhouse. never worked during their life.
Most of these jobs were temporary
By 1914, 1 million people were
or part-time; the government did not
Labour exchanges being employed through the labour
do anything to increase the number
exchange.
of jobs available.
Poor people had to pay the
contributions out of their wages;
dole and sickness pay only lasted
A vital safety net to tide people over for a limited time; and 7s 6d [7s 6d:
National Insurance
hard times. Seven shillings and six pence in old
money (around 38p of today's
money). ] was not enough to live on
- a family of five needed £1 a week.
Only for the wage-earner - it was
Free medical treatment Literally, a life-saver. not available to their wife or
children.…read more

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1909 Budget
· The 1909 Budget [Budget: A plan for expected income and spending over a
specified time period. ] - to pay for the reforms, Lloyd George's 1909
budget raised duties on tobacco and spirits, raised income tax by 16 per
cent (from 1s to 1s 2d), and introduced a new 20 per cent tax on profits
from selling land.
· 3. Parliament Act 1911
· When the House of Lords refused to pass Lloyd George's budget, the
House of Commons passed an Act stating that the House of Lords could
not reject a bill that had been passed three times in the House of
Commons. It also required a general election every five, not seven, years.
· 4. Lloyd George
· Lloyd George became loved - old people cried when they got their pension
and blessed 'Lloyd George' who gave them - and hated - workers who
objected to paying national insurance chanted: 'Taffy was a Welshman,
taffy was a thief' at him.…read more

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