Orchestral Landmarks

Revision of Classical music, Beethoven music, Romantic music and Modern music, hope its useful, please comment

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  • Created on: 11-01-10 15:08
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CLASSICAL (1750 ­ 1800)
Haydn and Mozart
Small orchestra
Melody on violins with wind and brass supporting in loud cadences
Cellos and double basses usually in unison
No harpsichord
Maybe flutes, oboes and bassoons
Possibly clarinets, horns and trumpets
Homophonic texture
Simple harmonies
Regular balanced phrasing (24 bar phrases)
BEETHOVEN (1800 ­ 1830)
Larger orchestra than classical
About 50% of melody on strings and 50% on woodwind
Standard double woodwind (2 of all woodwind instruments) so 2 trumpets, 2 horns
Maybe trombones
Semi independent double basses
2 timpani
Cymbals are rare
Sometimes woodwind solos
Rare brass section
Sometimes Beethoven manufactures themes that can be played on horns
Extremes of dynamics next to each other
Tremolo in strings introduced
Even phrase lengths
ROMANTIC (1750 ­ 1800)
Tchaikovsky, Brahms, Schumann, Schubert
Large orchestra
Melody evenly spread between strings, woodwind and brass
Brass are valved and therefore play in any key
Piccolo, bass clarinet, double bassoon, tuba, 4 horns, 3 trombones, harps, tubular bells,
xylophone, 3 timpani, bass drum, cymbal, triangle
More combinations of instruments
Instruments chosen for sound (music isn't just written for the instruments there)
Music is more chromatic
Phrases may be uneven lengths
Interest in emotion and expression

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