Ocr New Core Studies Terminology

Table summarising some main vocabulary needed to know for the exam.

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  • Created by: Joana
  • Created on: 13-05-09 20:50
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Approach Study Key Vocabulary
Cognitive Development Loftus & Demand characteristics: when participants try to guess what a study is about and look for clues as to how to
Palmer behave
schema: general understanding of events we already have
Savage-R Lexigram: visual symbol system comprising of a board covered with geometric symbols which light up when
umbaugh touched.
Blind test: using an experimenter who doesn't know details of study, cannot influence outcome
culture learning: role of culture and socialisation in learning language
Baron-Coh Asperger's Syndrome: mild version of autism
en et al Theory of mind: an individual's theory about how minds work, including their own and other people's, the ability
to predict feelings.
order effects: effects like improvement in performance or boredom which occur as a result of order in which
tasks/conditions are experiences
Tourette's syndrome: neurological disorder characterised by recurring movements and tics
IQ: intelligence quotient, numerical representation of intelligence
Developmental Bandura Social learning theory: individuals imitate actions of others to model their own behaviour
Ross & Observational learning: acquire new behaviours by selecting those perceived to receive rewards
Ross modelling: participants base their behaviour on that of a model
Inter-rater reliability: how consistent observations of behaviour are between two or more observers.
Samuel Conservation: understanding that if shape of object is physically changed it will still have the same mass, volume
and or number
Freud Phobia: fear, out of proportion to reality
Oedipus complex: conflict between a boy's desire for his mother, and fear that father will punish desire by
castrating him.
Psychoanalysis: therapy which takes into account unconscious thoughts/feelings
free association: technique that encourages speaking out of whatever thoughts you have whether they make
sense or not. Insight into unconscious mind.
hysteria: display of physical symptoms like paralysis with no obvious cause
Psychosexual stages of development: oral (derive pleasure from sucking), anal (experience control by
retaining/expelling faeces), phallic (children become aware of genitals, sexual differences).
Individual Differences Thigpen MPD: existence of more than 1 personality within a person, can appear separate from each other, can be
and unaware of each other. Each personality has different memories, perceptions and abilities.
Cleckley Fugue: state of mind where you forget who you are, shown by loss of memory and personality

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Rosenhan Type 1 error: false negative diagnosis, diagnosing a sick person as healthy
Type 2 error: false positive diagnosis, diagnosing a healthy person as sick
Griffiths Heuristics: set of rules used to solve problems based on common sense
Illusion of control: gamblers think they have greater chance of winning than probability would suggest
Flexible attributions: gamblers consider success due to own skill and failure from externalities such as broken
fruit machine.…read more

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Very helpful key terms/terminology for the OCR spec.  Many thanks.

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