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Wednesday 02 November 2011 Victoria Thomas



Synderesis: the innate `right reason' that gives us knowledge of the basic principles of morality

Conscientia: using the principles of synderesis, this is the ethical judgement which leads to a specific

Id: part of the unconscious personality that is driven by…

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Wednesday 02 November 2011 Victoria Thomas

This is the belief that either at conception God gave each person a conscience or that it is imparted to
us at some stage to enable us to discern morally correct and incorrect actions. For some philosophers
it is the actual voice of God…

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Wednesday 02 November 2011 Victoria Thomas

Pauls other major contribution was to say that conscience was an awareness of good and bad, but
that it can sometimes be weak and therefore mistaken.

St Jerome was a believer that our conscience enables us to distinguish good action from evil actions.

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Wednesday 02 November 2011 Victoria Thomas

Joseph Butler and intuition

Joseph Butler was a Church of England bishop and theologian who saw conscience as the final moral
decision- maker. Her believed that what made humans different from all other animals was our ability
to reason and to rationalise, which he…

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Wednesday 02 November 2011 Victoria Thomas

For Newman following the conscience is following divine law. He thought that the guilt and shame
that we feel when we have made an incorrect choice by ignoring our conscience is the consequence
of not obeying the voice of God.

Freud and guilt


Page 6

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Wednesday 02 November 2011 Victoria Thomas

A good authoritarian conscience provides a sense of security and well- being, as it provides a
structure that we can work within to ensure that both society and we are moral. Fromm's
perspectives on the conscience involved and developed over the years and he…

Page 7

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Wednesday 02 November 2011 Victoria Thomas

They see it as an essential part of humans and therefore what guides humanity in its moral living.

The superiority of conscience

Another criticism of conscience is the level of superiority that seems to be given to conscience. The
actions and leadings of the…


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