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Pre-Release June 2012:
Nayak, Anoop (2006) Displaced Masculinities: Chavs, Youth and Class in the Post-industrial City,
in Sociology, Vol. 40, October 2006

This study was based in the city of Newcastle ­ a post-industrial area, where working-class
young men have had to rethink what it is to be a `man'…

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centres does not fit easily with traditional masculinity and Nayak wanted to research the effect of
these economic changes on masculine identities.

The first group of young white working class men who have a history of family involved in
manual labour, styled themselves as `Real Geordies' who "give as good…

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Using the pre-release material and wider sociological knowledge, explain the use of qualitative
methods/ethnography/ observations/ semi-structured interviews to research changing
masculinities/displaced masculinities. (52 marks)

Nayak collected qualitative data as primary data by conducting an ethnographic study which is the
use of both semi structured interviews and participant observations. Qualitative…

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rich data to find correlations with each of the interviews responses and look for comparisons.

Semi structured interviews start off with a schedule of standardised questions around the topic area.
Nayak mentions this "there was a structure to the questions" with the opportunity for the
interviewer to ask additional questions.…

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what he has observed. Also by Nayak going native he may become absorbed into the social setting
and not remain objective during the observation process. Also, Nayaks' use of semi-structured
interviews can be argued are unique as the process is very difficult to replicate therefore affecting
the reliability of the…

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4.Haste, H. (2005) joined up texting: The roles of mobile phones in young people's lives. (52

When studying issues such as gender and age, quantitative methods are the most appropriate to
use. The data is based on numbers and statistics which are often collected by positivists. This type of…

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Sociologists argue that since Haste's data was collected over a period of two months, it was not a
sufficient amount of time to gather the research needed. This is because if the data was collected
over a longer period of time then Haste or MORI would be able to compare…

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have been used along with quantitative, adding more methodological structure to find out to as how
mobile phones are used to shape young people's lives.


Question 1 (8 marks)

Define the concept of identity. Illustrate your answer with examples.

Define the concept of consumer culture. Illustrate your answer with…

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Define the concept of values. Illustrate your answer with examples.

Define the concept of youth. Illustrate your answer with examples.

Question 2 (16 marks)-

Outline and explain two ways in which the peer group influences young people.

Outline and explain two ways in which the media influences young people.


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traditions and value systems that gradually develop in society. Some social norms are not fixed for
example, it is normal to own a mobile phone or wear a suit to work. Whereas other social norms are
unchangeable; wearing a seatbelt in a car.

Norms play a crucial role in society…




With deepest thanks. 



The best resource I've come across! Thank you ever so much! :D



A fantastic resource both for students and teachers to use as a revision tools. The answers provided provide a great structure example struggling with the G671 exam. This tool could be further enhanced by highlighting the key terminology and the Point, Explanation and Evidence clearly. This is great !

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