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Page 1

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2n2

s 2

p 6

d 10

f 14



1s2
2 el
ect
rons

2s2 2p6
8 el
ect
rons

3s2 3p6 3d10
18
elect
rons

4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14
32
elect
rons



Particle Relative Mass Relative Charge
Pr
oton 1 1+
Neut
ron 1 0
El
ect
ron 1/…

Page 2

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Nuclear Charge
More
prot
ons,
more
nuclear
char
ge & gr
eater
att
ract
i
ve
for
ce
bet
ween
el
ect
rons
and
nucleus
resul
ti
ng i
n a
higher
I
.E.

I
ncr
ease
acr
oss
a
per
iod
as
nucl
ear
char
ge
+

Decr
ease…

Page 3

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OILRI
G

Oxidising agents
acc
e pt
el
ect
rons
fr
om
react
ant
s

Reducing agents
donat
e el
ect
rons
to
a r
eagent


Acids
are
prot
on
donor
s

Ch3cooh

H2so4

Hcl


Hno3

HCl
+
aq
H+
+ Cl


Bases acc
e pt
pr
otons

MgO

NH3…

Page 4

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Met
all
i
c met
al
+ met
al

Anionic bond
i
s t
he
elect
rost
ati
c
att
ract
i
o n
bet
ween
opposi
t
e l
y
char
ged
ions

Acovalent bond
i
s a
bond
for
med
bet
ween
a s
h ar
ed
pai…

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