Mumbai Case Study

A case study of Mumbai used in the gooing global part of AS edexcel geography

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  • Created on: 26-09-13 09:10
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Case Study ­ Mumbai
Background Info:
Commercial capital of India
Capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra
Most populated city of India ­ metropolitan
population of 20.5million
Used to be part of the British colonial
Port city built for trade
Used to be seven islands, by 1845 the islands
were merged by the reclamation of the area between the
Major construction of main roads and railways
transformed Mumbai into a major sea port in the Arabian
During 19th century, economic and educational
development characterised the city
Became strong base for Indian independence
movement during early 20th century
Gained independence in 1947
Mumbai provides 33% of India's entire tax revenue
Home to Bollywood, the centre of India's film industry and it produces more films than
It is a well educated area with good IT skills because of this there is a lot of outsourcing to
Mumbai especially computer firms and call centres
Many of the people speak good English
NGO's set up schools and orphanages
Scale and rate of growth
Mumbai is growing rapidly due to hyper-urbanisation
Estimated to receive 600 new migrants a day
By 2020 expected to have a population of 26 million and could become world's largest city
50% of population live in shanty towns
Reasons for growth
Shanty towns are built by desperate people fleeing poverty and trying to create a better life
for themselves
Rural-urban migration

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Rural population forced of their land into cities where governments have not provided the
basic requirements of urban life ­ drainage, clean water, public health and education facilities
Lack of opportunities, investment, services, drought, flooding and poverty in rural areas push
people to cities
Better opportunities, better paid jobs, better housing, better services, growth in
outsourcing jobs and better quality of life are urban pull factors
Consequences of rapid growth
50% live in shanty towns ­ lack of water, sanitation, poor quality of houses etc…read more


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