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Case Study: Mumbai
Where is Mumbai?
Mumbai is the largest city in India,
it's situated on a long, thin island in
a natural harbour on the west coast,
in the opening of the Thane Creek
How has Mumbai's population
There are 650 km² of island, of which more than 484 km² is
densely urbanised, at an average population density of
30.000 people per square kilometre. The city is gorwing
phenomenally from aproximately 3 million in 1951, to 14
million in 2007, to a projected 26 million by 2020.
Why has the population changed so quickly?
Its central position in Asia, with easy access to China and
the West, has meant that it has become a global hub for the
world's transnational companies. Mumbai is also the base for
new Indian transnational companies, like Tata Steel and
Godrej Retail. Also the creation of Bollywood which is the
centre of India's film.
What has been the impact of this change?
Lack of space to overcrowded transport systems, shortage
of water, much of which is transported to Mumbai from the
mainland in enormous pipes.
What is Mumbai's vision for the future?
In 2008 Mumbai will open its first metro line which will be
almost 50 km by 2011, also an elevated highway known as
the Sealink is currently being built.
To earn on carbon credits, Mumbai is adding 160
energyefficient trains to the city's overstretched rail
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More than 200,000 illegal slum dwellers have been moved
and 45,000 shanties across the city have been destroyed,
since 2004. Now, new sevenstorey apartments will be built
in the area to house the slum dwellers. Local industries that
are nonpolluting will be encouraged to continue and all the
established economic strategies for sustainable
Mumbai now has 325 new open spaxes which are to be
maintained by corporate sponosorship.…read more