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Mount Etna Case study

Where: East Sicily

Height: 3,320m (Europe's highest)

Status: (Europe's most) Active Decade volcano

Type of volcano: Composite Stratovolcano

Plate boundaries: African Plate subducting
under the Eurasian plate.

Craters: 3. Central, Northeast and Southeast

Caldera: 510km horseshoeshaped Caldera
Valle del bove). It was created when the volcano…

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January 1992 an earth barrier 234 m long and 21 m high was constructed ­
aim to halt the lava flow, or at least slow its speed.
9th April 1992 The accumulated lava began to spill over this barrier and
down into the valley leading to Zafferana.
Small barriers erected…

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Other Potential Hazards

Seismic Activity connecting with eruptive activity: potentially serious
damage caused to building and public infrastructure around the volcano

Gas plume, Volcanic dust and Ash falls: High magnitude explosive events at
summit craters can lead to the formation of eruptive columns of ash, the fallout
from which presents…


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