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Describe the Montgomery Bus Boycott
The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a political and social protest campaign started in
1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, intended to oppose the city's policy of racial
segregation on its public transport system. It started when Rosa Parks, an African
American woman, was arrested for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person.
Montgomery had a local law that black people were only allowed to sit in the back
seats of the bus, and to always give up their seat to a white person. The
Montgomery Improvement Association was lead by MLK. It was the first major
example of the power of non-violent direct action. The boycott resulted in a crippling
financial deficit for the Montgomery bus company, because the city's black
population who were the drivers of the boycott were also the bulk of the system's
income. In December 1956, the Supreme Court declared the Montgomery Bus Laws
regarding segregation to be unconstitutional and illegal.