Tudor monarchs

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  • Created by: Lauren
  • Created on: 19-05-13 11:21

Henry VII

Henry VII became king in ____, by defeating _______ __ ____ at the Battle of ________. He had four children:

Arthur, married  _________ of ______, first in line to the ______ but died age 15

_____ VIII (see card)

Margaret, married James IV of ________, then ________ Douglas.

Mary, married _____ XII of France, then The Duke of _______.

Henry VII died in ____, and his son _____ ___ takes over as king.

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Henry VIII

Henry VIII ruled England from ____ to ____. He had ___ wives (see card). Henry VIII introduced _____________ to England, formerly a ________ country. He set up the ______ of _______, with _______ as head. His main reason for the '_____ from ____' is that __ _____ _____ _______ _ _______ from _________ __ ______. This angered the ____ ( the head of the Catholic church), who didn't want to grant Henry an ________, and alot of ________ countries.

When Henry died in ____, his only son, ______ VI, became King.

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Henry VIII's wives

Henry VIII's wives, in order, were:

Catherine of ______ (a ________), who was Arthur's wife before he died. Her only surviving child was ____ I, who was a commited ________ too (see card). Henry ________ her when she was too ___ to give him a ___.

____ Boleyn ( a __________ ). Her only surviving child was Elizabeth _. Henry had ____ executed because she did not ____ __ a ___, and he heard rumors that she had _________ ________. 

Jane _______ (__________). She was the only wife to give Henry what he wanted- _ ___. Sadly, she died of _________ a few days after she gave birth to ______ _.

____ __ Cleaves was only queen for a ___ ______, because Henry had been tricked into thinking she was _________, but thought that she was ____ when he saw her in real life. She was ________, and given the strange title of ___ ____'s ______. She claimed that their marriage was never __________.

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Henry VIII's wives (part 2)

Catherine ______. She was a ______ of ____ ______. Henry had her ________ after only a ____, because she had _____ ____ _____ ___. 

Kathrine ____. She was Henry's ____ wife, and acted as a _____ before his death, when he was ____. She was _______, but only lived for a ____ after _____'s _____.

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Edward VI

Edward VI became King in ____. He never _______ or ___ ________, so when he died in ____, Lady ____ ____ ( Henry VIII's young cousin) was made Queen, mainly because she was __________.

Edward VI was a devout _________, and made alot of changes to the ______ of _______ in carrying out his father's wish, such as:

Removing _______ _____ _______ from Churches

Making ____ and ______ plain

Letting Preists _____

Introducing a new ______ book (in _______)

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Lady Jane Grey

Lady Jane Grey was Edward VI's sucsessor because she was __________. She became Queen in ____ but only ruled for ____ ____! 

Henry VIII's ________ (______ __'s sister) Mary I hated Lady Jane, because Mary thought that ___ ___ ___ ________ ____ __ ___ ______, although she was ________. Mary had Lady Jane __________ and later ________, so that she could claim the throne.

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Mary I

Mary I became Queen in ____ after executing ____ ____ ____. Although she married Phillip II of _____ ( a ________ country), she never had any ________. It is believed that she could not do this because of a problem with her _____.

Mary and her _______ were both devout _________, so she made England a ________ country again. She reversed the changes that her ______ and ________ had made, and there were harsh punishments for ________ ( people who did not want to _______ back to __________).

Mary died in 1558. As she had no _______, her __________ sister _________ became Queen.

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Elizabeth I

Elizabeth I became Queen in ____ and was the ____ _____ _______. She was a __________, but created the '_____ way' (see card).

Elizabeth never _______ or had ________, so she is often known as the '______ _____'. She claimed that she was ______ enough to rule on her own ( which is quite ____), although she had many ________ _________ and suitors. She was even proposed to by her dead sister's husband, _____ ______ __ _____. When she refused, this made him very angry, which is one of the reasons why he sent the Spanish ______ to England (see card). 

When she died in ____, she had no ________ or _____ _________ to carry on her ____, so she was the last _____ monarch.

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Elizabeth I's 'middle way'

Although Elizabeth was a __________, she understood that there was no sense in having her country split by ________ differences and beliefs. The middle way was a compromise between _____________ and ___________:

The _______ would still be head of the ______ of _______, but there would be _______ (a type of ________ ______)

Priests would be allowed to _____ (a __________ allowance)

Decoration in ________ would be allowed. (a ________ allowance)

Etc.

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The Spanish Armada- causes (1570's/80's)

There are many reasons why King _______ of _____ sent the ______ to ______ England:

Sir _______ _____ set fire to some of ____ ______'s most prized _______ while they were in a dock in _____

_________ I refused his marriage proposal

______ didn't agree with the '______ ___' and wanted England to be Catholic

Sir _______ often stole ________ from the Spanish ships, and Elizabeth _________ it!!

England and Spain were enemies because Elizabeth sent an ____ to help people in _______ fight against the Spanish

Although France was an _____ of both countries, _____ war broke out. France was no longer a ______, so Spain didn't need England as an ____

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The Spanish Armada- ships and leaders

The Spanish Armada was sent to ______ England by King ______ of Spain. It was captained by the ____ of Medina _____(who often got ______!). The force was made up of ________ (a type of _______ ____). These ships were _____ and ______, but very ____. 

The sailors weren't trained as actual _______- they were ____ ________ by trade.

The Spanish had a strong _______ formation, which they maintained for the _____ of the battle.

An _______ force was sent by Elizabeth I to ______ England. It was lead by Sir _______ _____, a very good sailor. The force was made up of _____ English _____. They were very _____ and it's weapons _________, but they were _______ than the ________, so they weren't as ______.

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The Spanish Armada- why England won

England won the battle because:

Their ships were more _________

They had better _________ and ________

The Spanish met ______ on their way back to Spain, wiping out the few remaining ________.

Sir _______ _____ was very clever and a good _________

England had better _______, eg. sending _____ burning ships towards the Spanish to _____ their _________.

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Mary Queen of Scots

Mary Queen of Scots (otherwise known as ____ ______) was Queen of Scotland from ____ to ____, and Queen of France from ____ to ____. She was ________.

She married _____ times, first to Francis II of ______, then to Henry ______, Lord Darnley, and finally to _____ Hepburn, _th earl of Bothwell.

She had one child with Henry______, Lord Darnley. Their child was James I _______/__ Scotland, and she had __ children in her other marriages.

Mary was ________ by Elizabeth I, because the _________ in England supported her enough to perhaps _________ Elizabeth. Also, Elizabeth thought that Mary I was part of the _________ plot (a plot to kill Elizabeth).

However, her _________ also angered King ______ of Spain (a ________) so Elizabeth was put in another dangerous situation by cancelling out one!

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