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Same Sex Relationships
· In 2004 Civil Partnerships were brought in for gay and lesbian
couples. This is legally the same as marriage as far as
pensions, property and tenancies of flats are concerned.
· Stonewall (working for equality for gay and lesbian couples)
estimate the gay/lesbian population at about 5%.
· Civil partnerships may reflect that in recent years gay/lesbian
couples have chosen to live as a stable relationship rather
than the casual relationships that happened a lot in the
1970s.…read more

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One Person Households
· Now account for 30% households.
· 50% are widowed, generally women.
· Most of the rest are divorced men.
· Creative singlehood (Peter Stein 1976) ­ this is where higher
standards of living mean that some deliberately choose to be
a one person household.
· Living apart together (Duncan and Phillips 2008) ­ 10% of
adults are in a significant relationship but they do not share
the same home. They choose to live separately to keep their
own homes.…read more

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Ulrich Beck
1. individualisation.
The relationship between the individual and society has been transformed. Traditional categories of people based on
age, gender, race and class have been
broken down. Personal decision making replaces traditional fate of compulsory housework and husband support. The
individual decides his or her own
identity.
2. How does this affect the family?
· Family life now revolves around negotiation, democracy and equality.
· Family life is still valued but is beset by serious problems e.g. the high divorce rate.
· Because of divorce and remarriage, children are faced by a vast number of relationships and have to make
decisions.
· There has been a large increase in single person households, partly through choice in the last 20 years. In big cities
they may account for 50% of households.
· Conflict may occur in the family because of choices at work. This may lead to the need for negotiations based on
the idea of equality e.g. housework.
· There is greater emphasis on quality of life. People are increasingly willing to take a cut in income in order to have
more free time.
Evaluation.
· Up to date post modernist view of the family
· Tends to portray family life in a way that is too favourable to be true
· Underestimates the impact of family breakups…read more

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Technical terms
· Plastic sexuality ­ sex that takes place between people who do not love each other or desire to create a child.
· Pure relationships ­ a relationship which is conditional on both partners gaining something from being together.
· Visiting relationships ­ partners who don't live together
· Friends and Will and Grace are two programmes which suggest we now get our love and care from friends, not family.
· Dual Role ­ where women work but full time but have to carry out more than their fair share of household tasks.
· Triple Shift ­ adds in the idea that women have a third role. Caring for the emotional needs of the husband and kids.
· Monogamy ­ 1 husband and 1 wife.
· Serial Monogamy ­ as above but people often divorce and remarry.
· Empty Nest Families ­ children have grown up and left home.
· Beanpole Family ­ people who have fewer children but live longer
· Invisible Work ­ women are more likely to think about family issues, food, birthday presents etc.…read more

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