- Argues the functions that the family has to perform will affect its shape or structure.
- Distinguished between two kinds of family structure:
- The Nuclear Family (Parents and Dependant Children)
- The Extended Family (Three Generations Living Under One Roof)
- Argues that the particular structure and functions of a given type of family will 'fit' the needs of the society.
- There are two types of society - modern industrial and traditional pre-industrial.
- Argues that the nuclear family fits the needs of industrial society and the extended family fits the needs of pre-industrial society.
- Modern industrial societies need a geographically and socially mobile workforce.
Geographically mobile workforce:
- There is a need for the family to be geographically mobile according to Parsons.
- People spent their whole life working in the same village or on the same farm in the past.
- Job opportunities spring up and decline in modern industrial societies.
- People are required to move to where…