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Ethiopia
Ethiopia has enormous water potential however, it doesn't exploit it, resulting in
high levels of poverty and frequent drought
In 2008 Ethiopia faced drought, which lead to the capital city (Addis Ababa)
having to ration power (as much of the country's power comes from HEP)
Those in rural areas had no electricity and urban areas were running out
HEP dams couldn't operate- reducing the supply as 97.5% of the country's power
is HEP
Abyssinia (a bottled water company) had to ½ production to 20,000 bottles a week
The country was brought to a standstill as water is essential for everyday life…read more

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Ethiopia- Solutions- LOW TECH
`Wells' (large holes in the ground) ­ water collection and storage
Positives Negatives
Economic- relatively cheap Social/economic- to make a big
Social- easy for villages to do enough well, machines are
needed and this costs money,
Social- public people get loans they cannot
participation/equity repay=debt
Environmental- low impact Social- stagnant water is a
Social- can be used of irrigation breeding ground for mosquitoes
it increase yields…read more

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Ethiopia- Solutions- ITERMEDIATE TECH
Micro dams
Positives Negatives
Economic- Cheaper than large dams Economic- Villages will need loans
Economic- Cost effective for equipment = debt
Social- Public participation Social/economic- No HEP
Social- Public control production
Social- Equity (1/4 hectare of irrigated
land + seeds per family) Social/environmental- Impacts
Economic- Can be an example of aid if further downstream
machinery loaned for free Economic/social/environmental-
Disastrous if it fails…read more

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Ethiopia- Solutions- HIGH TECH
Tekeze dam
Positives Negatives
Economic- 10th HEP production in
Ethiopia Social/environmental- Loss of
Economic/social- Jobs for 2000 agricultural land, destruction of
Economic- Excess HEP will be sold to habitats, potential environmental
earn foreign currency damage
Social- Provides large scale irrigation Environmental- Has large impacts
(60,000 hectares)
further down stream
Social/economic- Electric pylons 105km
to the capital/ national grid (sustainable Environmental- Ruins landscape
power)
Economic- Cost $(US) 224 million…read more

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Ethiopia ­ conclusion
Intermediate technology (micro dams) are the best for economic development as they
help the most vulnerable by making families and villages food and water secure.
This pulls local areas out of poverty, increasing spending resulting in local economic
growth.
As a result, the national economy will grow, allowing for investment and extra
spending in the public sector, increasing the quality of health care, education and
infrastructure.
As a result GDP growth will increase annually, creating sustainable development.
HOWEVER, HEP should be implemented allowing villages to have power and the
benefits that come with it. Extra power can be added to the national grid, creating a
sustainable power source and increasing rates of GDP growth and development.…read more

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