First 198 words of the document:
Due to keyhole surgery using fibre optics or minute video cameras, it is now possible to repair damaged joints or to remove diseased organs
through small holes.
Keyhole surgery on joints is known as arthroscopy: the surgeon makes a small incision and inserts a small camera and light source, to allow a
diagnosis to be made or confirmed.
Damage to the cruciate ligaments in the knee can be tackled particularly effectively be keyhole surgery. These ligaments are found deep inside
the joint and are attached to the end of the femur and to the top of the tibia.
The anterior cruciate ligament normally prevents the knee from being bent too far forwards; it can be damaged by sudden turning or cutting
manoeuvres. The posterior cruciate ligament normally prevents the knee from being bent too far back; it can be damage during a fall on a
ADVANTAGES of keyhole surgery:
Only small incisions are made therefore recovery can be rapid, there is less blood loss and less scarring.
Patients are in less pain.
Hospital stays are shot.