James I and Religion

A brief outline of James' religious policy in his reign. Suitable for AS History.

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James I and Religion
James inherited a strong Anglican Church promoted by Elizabeth. England was in a
minority of European protestant countries.
The CofE was governed by two major principles The Act of Supremacy and the
organisational structure of crownappointed bishops.
Riding south, James was presented with the Millenary petition calling for a better
educated clergy, proper maintenance of clergy and the abolition of pluralism.
Consequently, James called 1604 Hampton Court Conference.
However, after the mention of presbytery James disbanded the conference "no
bishop, no king".
However, James did promise a number of reforms.
James was `indifferent' ­ compromised well.
James was initially soft on Catholics, ordering the imposition of recusancy fines and
banished priests but being indifferent to those who obeyed laws.
1605 Gunpowder plot.
James became angry and harsher on Catholics, 1606 Oath of Allegiance and
appointing Abbott.
However, James because softer on Catholics proSpanish faction at court Spanish
James allowed publication of Montague's "New Gag" in 1624 denying
predestination and in 1618 publishing the Book of Sports, permitting sports on


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