Information processing: Gardners mulitple intelligence theory

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Psychology unit 3 intelligence
Information processing- Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences
Description
Based around the idea that there are 8 main types of intelligences. Originally the
theory stated there were 7 but the theory was added to with naturalistic
intelligence. No 2 people have the same intelligence profile and multiple
intelligences, whilst found in different parts of the brain, can work together.
Linguistic intelligence- the ability to learn languages and express one's self
Logical intelligence- mathematical intelligence: numerical skills such as the
ability to carry out complex mathematical calculations with ease.
Spatial intelligence- understanding the relationship in space. For example,
being able to transform mental images into drawings or being able to read a
map.
Bodily/kinaesthetic intelligence- using the body. For example suing mental
abilities to co-ordinate bodily movements
Musical intelligence- skills in playing musical instruments
Intrapersonal intelligence- understanding one's self including the
appreciation of fears, feelings and motivations
Interpersonal intelligence- understanding and relating to others for
example, understanding the intentions and motivations of others.
Naturalistic intelligence- showing expertise in the classification and
identification of different species of flora and fauna in the natural world
Evidence
Neurophysiologic evidence- suggests that the different intelligences are
located in different areas of the brain through the study of brain damaged
people.
Exceptional talents- Mozart was very good at a few intelligences but not
others, showing all intelligences are separate and not linked. Stephen
Wiltshire is autistic but has the ability to draw a detailed landscape with
only seeing it once showing great spatial intelligence.
Research evidence suggests it is hard to do 2 tasks that occupy the same
intelligence well, but 2 tasks that occupy different intelligences can be
done well at the same time. This shows the intelligences are separate
Different developmental histories showing intelligences are separate as
language skills develop faster than mathematical skills
Evaluation
Visser, ashton and Vernon used factor analysis which involves giving
students a whole range of tests assessing each of the multiple intelligences
to see if similar intelligences have positively correlated scores. They found

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Psychology unit 3 intelligence
that there were high correlations between pairs of scores on linguistic,
logical, spatial, naturalistic and interpersonal skills. There were low
correlations between traditional domains such as linguistic or mathematical
intelligence and music and spatial intelligence. Kinaesthetic intelligence
didn't correlate to any other intelligence. This suggests that the correlation
between traditional cognitive skills may be due to a single underlying factor
such as `g' and this doesn't support the theory. Low correlations to other
intelligences suggest some support for the theory.…read more

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