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Individual Differences
in Stress…read more

Slide 2

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People react differently to stress; this
may be due to innate temperamental
differences or to learning (conditioning
or modelling others [social learning]).
· Differences may also be related to
cultural styles of coping (also learned).…read more

Slide 3

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2 important personality types were proposed by
Friedman et al. from previous research:
*Type As--competitive, ambitious, impatient,
restless and pressured.
*Type Bs--lack these qualities--more relaxed.
· Morris et al. '81 added:
*Type Cs--nice, industrious, conventional,
sociable; tend to be repressed and react to
stress or threat with a sense of helplessness.
· Later research found a further type:
*Type Ds--distressed, pessimistic and anxious.…read more

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Friedman & Rosenman
1974…read more

Slide 5

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Aim: To examine the relationship between
Type A behaviour and CHD.
Participants: 3524 Californian men between
39-59 years old with no history of CHD.
Method: Longitudinal study over 8½ yrs. Pps
asked to complete questionnaire assessing
personality type. Medical records examined
over the next 8½ yrs to track signs of the
development of CHD. (Prospective study)…read more

Slide 6

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· 7% of pps (257) developed some signs of CHD &
died (2/3 of which were Type As).
· These pps had:
*higher blood cholesterol levels
*higher adrenaline & noradrenaline levels
(than non-Type As)
· Adrenaline & noradrenaline release is part of the
body's stress response (fatty acids in the blood
& may lead to arteriosclerosis [hardening of
arteries]).…read more

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