Impact of WW1 on Germany

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  • Created on: 15-08-14 18:53
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The Impact of the First World War on Germany
The Burgfrieden 1914
Political truce = setting aside political differences
No criticism of gov allowed
Trade unions = no strikes
Why SPD joined Burgfrieden
#SPD leaders + supporters = patriots Haase chairman of SPD 1914 " We will not desert our
fatherland in its hour of need"
Accepted gov assurances = defensive war
Reward = political concessions = reform of Bundesrat
Breakdown of Burgfrieden 1914 ­ 1917 + Social Impacts
Rising number of casualties (1.6 mill Killed 1.6 mill srsly injured)
Food shortages ( 1916 ­ 1917 Turnip winter)
30% fall in real wages = Inflation = gov ovrprting money
1916 Auxiliary Labour Law = conscripting + choosing 16 -60 yr olds should work (resented by
w/c most)
No equality of sacrifice = Junkers tax privileges retained until 1916
Social Impacts
Living standards fell by 30%
Food shortages ( 1916 ­ 1917 Turnip winter)
1916 Auxiliary Labour Law = conscripting + choosing 16 -60 yr olds should work (resented by
w/c most)
No equality of sacrifice = Junkers tax privileges retained until 1916
Economic Impacts
Political Impacts
Crisis of 1917 ( Intensification of war effort)
August 1916 Hidenburg becomes Army chief of staff, Lindendorff deputy = intent on `total
war'
KS sidelined politically = Lind + Hid = new dictatorsy
August 1916 Hindenburg Programme = militarising economy 4 mre munitions + Auxiliary
Labour Law part of this
Mounting opposition to war
Army High command failed 2 mobilise pop support
Sharp increase in number of strikes = break down of Burgfrieden SPD support
July 1917 Reichstag Peace Resolution Passed 212 ­ 126 4 end of war

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