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Slide 1

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Kant ­ Categorical and
Hypothetical Imperatives
Kant ­ The Good Will…read more

Slide 2

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Categorical Imperative
Categorical Imperative ­ `Act only on
those maxims which you can will to be
universal laws' `Always treat other
persons as ends in themselves and
never only as means'
An absolute and universal sense of
moral duty which directs humans to the
right action. These rules apply to
everyone for all time because they are
based on an objective a priori law of
reason. According to Kant `YOU SHOULD
DO THIS!'…read more

Slide 3

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Categorical Imperative
It's a universalizability test
Categorical ­ NO IF'S OR BUT'S
Imperative ­ Commanded by
moral law…read more

Slide 4

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Hypothetical Imperative
Hypothetical Imperative ­ Maxims that
express desires/wants/needs in terms of
a means-end relationship.
An action which achieves a result or an
E.g. If you come to Ethics lessons then you
will do better in the exam. If you get A
levels then to go to university. If you go
to university then you can get a good job.
If you get a good job then you will have a…read more

Slide 5

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Hypothetical Imperative
`If you want X then do Y'
If= the hypothetical part relating to
a want Do = The Imperative, Y = the
means to `x' (the end in view).
It's hypothetical because they
depend on your wanting the end.…read more

Slide 6

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Can we base ethics on hypothetical
Kant says NO! As they only last as
long as your desire or need and they
can't be categorical or universal as
peoples desires are different and
constantly changing.
If we did then people could always
get out of moral duty by simply
changing their mind.…read more

Slide 7

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Slide 8

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