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Page 1

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How to be Successful on
English Paper 1:

Section A: How Writers
Achieve Effects

Part 3: Understanding how
Writers Achieve Effects -

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Page 2

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How Writers Achieve Effects ­ Basic Principles

The final questions on English Paper 1 will usually ask you to
demonstrate your understanding of how writers achieve effects in their
writing. You need to be able to show that you are aware of how different
audiences and purposes affect the…

Page 3

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Audience, Purpose and Tone

Complete the table below to consider the audience, purpose and
tone of the different texts.

Audience, Purpose and

Text Audience Purpose

The TV listings in the
Radio Times

An English Grammar

An Article on Climate
Change in National

An OfSTED report


Page 4

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Audience, Purpose and Tone

What is Audience?

Consideration of audience is crucial to the success of any text. When a
writer begins the process of planning their writing, they have to think
carefully about how their linguistic and graphological choices will suit
their intended audience. If a writer is…

Page 5

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Audience, Purpose and Tone

What is Purpose?

You can categorise the purpose(s) of texts in the following ways:

1. To Inform ­ the text is written to convey some information on a
particular topic.
2. To Persuade ­ the text is written to persuade the audience to think

Page 6

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The listings for the local cinema

A short story

Audience, Purpose and Tone

What is Tone?

The tone of a piece of writing is the how is comes across to the reader.
In other words, think about attitude, consider if you were speaking how
you would describe the way…

Page 7

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A Letter to an MP
demanding more
frequent rubbish

A text book
describing human

The questions on an
Exam Paper.

Copyright © 2008 and

Page 8

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Understanding the Link between AUDIENCE,

The diagram below shows you the cyclical relationship between
audience, purpose and tone. You need to understand that the tone of a
piece of writing is a direct result of its audience and purpose. If the
writer fails to fully understand…

Page 9

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Understanding Linguistic

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Page 10

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Word Choice & Vocabulary

Word Choice & Vocabulary

When a writer sets out to produce a text, they make a series of
linguistic choices. One of the most obvious decisions that they have to
make is to think about the types of words that will be included in their…


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