Haiti Earthquake Case Study, 2010

Case study of the earthquake in Haiti in 2010.

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  • Created by: Jim Cole
  • Created on: 18-05-12 10:42
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2010 Haiti Earthquake Case Study
Location
Hispaniola, Caribbean Sea
Haiti & Dominican Republic
Port-au-Prince
Epicentre 25km West of Port-au-Prince
16:53 Local (21:53 GMT) on 12/01/10
Causes
Blind thrusts in Enriquillo-Plantain Garden Fault
system, a strike-slip fault region
Gonave microplate situated between North
American and Caribbean Plates
Hypocentre depth of 13km
Magnitude 7.0
52 aftershocks of magnitude 4.5 or greater
since main quake
Effects (Social, Economic, Environmental, Political)
MM IX in Port-au-Prince
MM II-III in surrounding countries such as Cuba
Small localised Tsunami killed 3 people in small
fishing town of Petit Paradis
Many hospitals collapsed or were damaged,
including the three biggest ones in
Port-au-Prince
Toussaint L'Ouverture International Airport was
disabled after control tower damage
Port-au-Prince seaport disabled
Roads blocked by rubble from collapsed
buildings, including main road to Jacmel,
slowing aid efforts
Telephone, mobile and internet connections
were affected, preventing communication and
organisation of aid efforts
Prime Minister estimated 250,000 homes and
30,000 commercial buildings destroyed or in
need of demolition
4,000 inmates of Port-au-Prince prison
escaped

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Petrol supplies were low even before quake, preventing vehicles being used on the few
clear roads
90% of Leogane was destroyed
Clothing industry had facilities damaged, damaging the economy as 66% of Haiti's exports
are clothes
2 million people were displaced from their homes and lived on the streets or in shanty towns
Haiti has no building codes, so many feared their houses would not survive aftershocks
Fuel and clean water supplies were poor before the quake, so people struggled to keep
warm, cook and…read more

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