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An oratorio is a piece of music for orchestra, choir and solo singers. It usually tells a story from the Old
Testament (Bible). An oratorio may be about two hours long: a whole concert. It is similar to opera, but
whereas an opera is acted out in costume on a stage, an oratorio is sung and played in a concert hall
or church. The oratorio as we know it was created in the 18th century.…read more

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The word "symphony" comes from the Greek words "sym" (together) and "phone" (sound).
"Symphonic" means "like a symphony". It is often used to describe music which is quite long and develops
tunes over a long period.
A large orchestra is often called a "symphony orchestra". This is to distinguish it from a small orchestra
called a "chamber orchestra".…read more

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By the time Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) was growing up string quartets treated each of the four
instruments as important. Beethoven wrote 16 string quartets. The middle ones became particularly
famous and later composers took ideas from them, for example the slow introductions, and the idea of
having a fast scherzo instead of a minuet and trio for one of the middle movements. Beethoven's last
quartets are very beautiful, but also very complicated and sometimes quite aggressive.…read more

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The first movement would be in sonata form. The most important composers of
sonatas at this time were Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven
Many composers in the Romantic period wrote sonatas, for example: Brahms wrote piano sonatas as well
as sonatas for violin and piano, cello and piano, and clarinet and piano.
In the 20th century composers who have written sonatas include Bartok, Tippett and William Walton.
In music, a march is a piece of music with a strong marching rhythm.…read more

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However, the waltz continued to be popular, and many dance halls were opened where
people could waltz.
A minuet is a dance which was popular in the 18th and 19th centuries in France. It was danced by
the aristocracy, especially at the court of King Louis XIV.
Sometimes the French spelling menuet is used, or the Italian minuetto. It was a moderate or slow dance.
There were always three beats in a bar (3/4 time).…read more


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