Griffiths Questions w/ Answers

Piece of homework I did on Griffiths, may be useful. :)

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  • Created on: 09-05-09 18:57
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Griffith's Study Homework Questions
5a) Outline one assumption of the individual differences approach in
psychology. [2]
One assumption of the individual differences approach is to understand and take into
account the psychology of each single individual, rather than looking at an `average' person.
5b) Describe how the individual differences approach could explain gambling
behaviour. [4]
In the individual differences approach, gambling behaviour is seen as an addiction to the
rewards obtainable in regards to behaviour which produce these rewards in gambling. If
these behaviours are denied, withdrawal symptoms can arise. An example of gambling would
be in the study by Griffiths where regular gamblers as well as nonregular gamblers played
on fruit machines.
5c) Describe one similarity and one difference between the Griffiths study and
any other individual differences approach study. [6]
One difference between the Griffiths study and that done by Thigpen and Cleckley is the
type of sample used. Thigpen and Cleckley dealt with a casestudy of a woman named Eve
White who displayed the condition called Multiple Personality Disorder but at first came to
Thigpen and Cleckley complaining of severe headaches. In Griffiths study however, the
sample was not a casestudy but a selfselecting sample in which participants were recruited
from posters in a university and college consisting of 29 regular gamblers and 15 non regular
One similarity between the Griffiths study and the Thigpen and Cleckley study is that both
used quantitative data in some aspect of their studies. Griffiths for example noted down
frequency of use of verbalisations said by gamblers. Thigpen and Cleckley also used
quantitative data through psychometric tests done on Eve White. Quantitative data is
often acknowledged because it provides a sound basis for firm conclusions to be drawn.
5d) Discuss the strengths and limitations of the individual differences
approach using examples from the Griffiths study. [12]
One strength of the individual differences approach is that it allows researchers to collect
both quantitative as well as qualitative data. In the study by Griffiths on gambling behaviour,
the verbalisations said by the gamblers were at first taken as qualitative data but then
Griffiths later turned them into quantitative data by taking into account how often each
verbalisation was made. Quantitative data was also gathered on how long gambling lasted
after `breaking even'. This is strength because qualitative data allows for rich, detailed data
to be collected and quantitative data allows for numerical data which can be statistically
Another strength of this approach is that it is useful for helping us to understand human

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In Griffiths study for example, this would be gambling behaviour. He allowed
participants to listen to the verbalisations collected and it is said they were `surprised' to
listen to their own thoughts and what they were saying. These irrational thoughts were
pointed out and may help them to realise their gambling addictions in the future ­ this was a
way of dealing with gambling as a problem.…read more


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