GCSE History Development Of The USA- Essay Question

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Did life for black Americans change significantly between 1929 and 2000? What have been the most important factors in bringing about the change in the lives of the black Americans since 1929?

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History Essay Question:
Did life or black Americans change significantly between 1929 and 2000/What have been
the most important factors in bringing about the change in the lives of black Americans
since 1929?
Under the constitution of the USA, all Americans are equal but the laws there
allowed the southern states to segregate `coloured people' from the whites. These laws
were known as the `Jim Crow Laws'. Perhaps the biggest change was the move away
from segregation. The great depression hit black Americans the hardest because they
were already poor, and because the KKK was still active.
Because of this, some migrated north in search of a better life where there was
no segregation. The brutal murder of Emmet Till shows that people in the north were
possibly unaware of the levels of segregation in the south. However, the Brown vs. Topeka
case in 1954 was very successful. It made segregation illegal, and by the end of 1956
there were no black children attending integrated schools. Nine black students were
admitted to Little Rock High School by the president, although this was unapproved by
many.
When Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat for a white man on a bus in
Montgomery 1955, the Civil Rights Movement took a dramatic turn, as the situation
escalated into a crisis. Martin Luther King's leadership in the boycott led to a historic
victory as segregation was made illegal on buses. His programme of peaceful protest
culminated in the famous, `I have a dream' speech. However, some black Americans were
frustrated and rejected King's passive and Christian approach and turned to the Nation
of Islam. Led by Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael, many black youths turned to the Black
Panthers. In 1983, President Reagan set up a national holiday on the 20th Jan as Martin
Luther King Day.
There had been a huge improvement in racism against blacks, as more black
celebrities like Michael Jackson, Will Smith, and Eddie Murphy. Today, Barack Obama is a
black president of America. Change has occurred for black Americans but its pace has
varied.

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