GCSE - English Lit Poems, S.A, C.A.D, Pre-1914

Carol Ann Duffy

Simon Armitage


Some is uncomplete, but could be used are a structure to fill in yourself.
Includeds basic information about various poems.
'*' indicates the key poems

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English Literature
Carol Ann Duffy
What? ­ A monologue spoken by Miss Havisham. A dark and disturbing poem about
rejection and bitterness ­ (woman left at alter- hates all men)
she is sour and continues to wear her white wedding dress while plotting sinister
revenges on men.
Language -…

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*Anne Hathaway
What? - about the Love shared between Shakespeare and his Wife, Anne Hathaway.
The poem starts with a quote from Shakespeare's will "Item I gyve unto my wife my
second best bed" - meant to be a romantic gesture as guests always slept in the
best bed

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About how the duty of becoming a mother changed life for women, particularly
because mothers were expected to stay at home and look after their children.
This is a personal poem and we get the impression Duffy is very fond of her Mother.
Language ­
o "Your polka dot-dress blows…

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o The language is sinister and can sound controlling ­ "The secret police", "Skidmarks
of sin" ­ Suggests pain the persons childhood.

o "Boom. Boom. Boom." Onomatopoeia and Caesura, making the voice sound loud and
maybe even angry.

o There is a defensive tone throughout the poem ­ "Nobody hurt…

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"His torso frozen stiff, hugged to my chest, a fierce chill" creates powerful imagery
for the reader. The image of a snowman dark, cold and alone is perhaps a visual
representation of their mind.

If the snowman is a symbol of the speaker's mind then we can interpret him booting…

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o The last few words "to fall or fly" bring us back to the metaphor of a kite. Remind
us that children need to be freed in order to meet the challenges of their lives and be

Structure ­ The poem has three stanzas. Structure mostly irregular to represent…

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The jacket could also be a metaphor of the warmth family life makes you feel.

Colour is important in this poem; the colours are bold to show the memories are still

The rhyming words "You see red. Blue murder. Bed" suggests that perhaps the
parents overreacted. The word red…

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o "Holy-Robin-redbreast-nest-egg-shocker" is sensationalizing the language giving
the effect of a news flash, with alliteration. "Holy-roll-me-over-in-the-clover"
similarly has a sarcastic tone.

o Robyn is revealing Batman's secrets "how you took her down town with expenses
on the motor" He is fantasizing that he has replaced Batman, who is no longer…

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Structure ­ The poem has five stanzas each stanza has five lines. The different lengths in
lines could symbolize how his thoughts are all over the place in his messed up mind. The
structure is unstable like the character
Themes ­
Tone ­
Tech ­
Voice ­
Feelings ­ Anger,…

Page 10

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Written in rhyming couplets with an Iambic pentameter making it flow like natural
The end of every verse ends with caesura giving the poem a set rhythm and

Themes ­ Love, Parent/Child Relationships
Tone ­
Tech ­
Voice ­
Feelings ­
Rhyme ­
Links ­ Mother, any distance,…


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