Funerary Sources

The Tomb of Classicianus and the Tomb Of Longinus.

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  • Created on: 22-04-10 16:03
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Classicianus' tomb ­ provincial procurator of Britain
Was altar shaped with two bolsters flanking an antefix. A wide cornice that protects the frieze and
inscription below. The whole tomb is mounted on a high plinth with shallow steps all the way around.
Had original height of over 5m
'To the spirits of the departed (and) of Gaius Julius Alpinus
Classicianus, son of Gaius, of the Fabian voting tribe ...Procurator of
the province of Britain. Julia Pacata I[ndiana], daughter of Indus, his
wife, had this built..'
From the 1st century AD was found in Trinity Square, London. Is the
tomb of Gaius Julius Alpinus Classicianus. His name tells us he was a member of the Gallic aristocracy.
He is mentioned by Tacitus. Nero, who reigned from 54 AD to 68AD appointed him as the procurator
of Britain, or the finance minister just after the revolt of the Iceni in AD61 by Boadicea. His job was to
sort out financial abuses that helped cause the rebellion. Shows that London was becoming a centre
of administration. Shows independent financial positions. Shows his personal wealth ­ a huge
tombstone. First proper link of an artefact and historical writings.
Longinus tombstone ­ cavalry sergeant from Colchester
43-49 AD found by side of road outside Colchester. Was a
tombstone tipped over by Boadicea in her rebellion which helped to
preserve it. Solider from modern day Bulgaria. Came over with the
invading army of 43 and died at the army base of Colchester.
Longinus Sdapezematygus shown riding over an enemy on his horse.
On top a pair of lions with serpents and a sphinx that were symbols
of death. The figure of Longinus sits with extreme confidence atop
his horse. He is wearing a tunic with scale armour, while the horse has
a highly ornate saddlecloth, possibly indicating some Celtic influence.
The entire face of Longinus has been smashed, presumably by a
heavy blow from one of Boadicea's rebels. Cowering underneath the
horse is a naked barbarian with wild locks and a full beard. This
tombstone is different from others in that the horse is in a static
position rather than galloping in triumph over his foe. Was in one of
the highest paid cavalry positions. Might have had contributions from
colleagues for such a tombstone.
'Longinus Sdapeze, son of Matygus, from the town of Sardica
duplicarius of the Ala I Thracum, 40 years of age, served 15 (years),
lies here. His heirs had (this tombstone) set up by testament.'


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