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DEFINITIONS-substantive (Weber) a belief in a supernatural
power, to be a religion there must be the belief in God. Functional
definition (Durkheim)- the terms of function it provides for individuals
and integration or answers `ultimate questions'. Social constructionist
definitions- how members of society define their religion eg.…

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Marx ignores positive functions of religion, Althusser- alienation is
unscientific, Abercrombie and Turner- religion doesn't function
effectively as an ideology as pre capitalist society it only had a limited
effect on peasantry.

Feminism- religious organisations are male dominated eg.
Orthodox Catholicism women cant be priests (Armstrong), places of
worship segregate…


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