First 394 words of the document:
Historiography/Quotes for and against the Treaty of Versailles:
David Lloyd George: "We cannot both cripple her [Germany] and expect her to pay"
"Injustice, arrogance, displayed in the hour of triumph will never be forgotten or forgiven"
Emphasised "justice" and "fair play"
(From a document written on 25th March 1919 as considerations for the Peace Conference)
Carr (1985): "...Germany might have feared much worse. If Clemenceau had had his way
instead of being restrained by Britain and U.S., the treaty could have been much worse for
Sherer (1980), "World War 1": "Germany was weakened but not so weakened that it
could not rise within a generation to threaten the balance of world power once again"
Layton (2009), in `From the Kaiser to Fuhrer: Germany 1900-1945": "The treaty of
Versailles appeared relatively moderate" in comparison with the severity of the Treaty of
Count Brockdorff-Rantzau's Speech on 7th May 1919: "Germany was not alone at fault"
"We emphatically deny that the German people should be seen as the only guilty party. Over 50
years, the imperialism of all European states has poisoned the international situation"
A.J.P. Taylor, The course of German History (1945): The Treaty of Versailles was
"regarded as a gesture of humiliation"
J.M.Keynes, a British representative at the Paris Peace Conference: "It is impossible to lay
the responsibility for the war on any single nation"
Mommensen: "The treaty was harsh, but understandable"
Henig: "The Treaty of Versailles was not excessively harsh on Germany, either territorially
or economically...It was the acknowledgement of defeat which they found so hard to accept"
Lenin: "It is a unparalleled and predatory peace"
(From a speech in October 1920)
Henig (1995): The Treaty of Versailles "paved the way for National Socialism and for the
outbreak of a second major war within 20 years"
Germany was "wounded but not seriously hurt"
"The First World War wounded Germany, but not as seriously as it wounded France"
Lentin (1994): "Germans were psychologically traumatised" by the treaty