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France In Revolution 1776-1830

Ancien Regime
Organisation of government and society
Head of social hierarchy
Provided law and order, had ministers to aid him
36 intendants (royal agents responsible for admin in different sections
of France
Decisions were final, absolute ruler
Believed to be the representative of God

Page 2

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Opposed to any form of change
2. Joining the nobility
Direct appointment by the king
Buying offices that held hereditary title
Could not take park in industrial or commercial activities, yet
many still did
Third estate
Everyone else
1. Bourgeoisie
Rich merchants, industrialists & business people
Doctors, lawyers, civil…

Page 3

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Jacques Necker
Published royal accounts in 1781 (made it appear to be in surplus)
Able to gain more loans because of this and also made him more
popular with 3rd estate
1763 ­ debt was 50 million livres
1786 ­ 112 million livres
Poor harvests & rising population led to…

Page 4

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Disturbances spread throughout France
`Day of Tiles' 4 killed and 30 injured
1st & 2nd estate provided the leadership in the revolt
Clergy showed support for parlements by providing not usual don
gratuit but a `gift' of less than ¼ what King wanted
Bankruptcy in August 1788
1789 ­ Popular…

Page 5

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All cahiers emphasises regular meetings of estates general, no taxation
without consent, freedom of press and abolish direct orders from King
Main demands for change from 3rd estate
Wanted change in financial inequality and the rights of individuals
Wanted to abolish feudal rights (society based upon land & labour)

Page 6

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Poorer citizens began arming themselves, law and order broke down
Attacked food stores & prisons, royal guards did nothing (showed King
could no longer rely on them
Alarmed wealthier citizens
Set up commune to run city and National Guard run by Lafayette to
protect them from the poor and the…

Page 7

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Guaranteed freedom of expression, opinion, religion, fair trial
Stressed the importance of an elected assembly
Clearly showed influence of the enlightenment
Debate on the position of the King
Louis tried to avoid sanctioning August Decrees but had little choice
Because of this decided the King would now only have a…

Page 8

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However there was few too literate people to fill offices
The law
Justice was to be free, fair and available to everyone
Single legal system
New system of law courts
Elected judges and magistrates
Financial reforms
People believed tax had been removed for good so any new attempts
were unpopular…

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Eventually came to reject notion of monarchy
Robespierre led a minority group of radical Jacobins
1973 ­ 5000 across France
The Cordeliers Club
Founded in 1970
More radical
Widespread working class following
Hostile to active/passive citizens in voting
Chief spokesman Marat edited newspaper L'Ami du Peuple attacking
those who enjoyed…

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Sent National Guard to remove threat
Opened fired and killed 50
Led to first divides of revolution (moderates & radicals)

1791 Constitution
Redefined position of the king and the assembly
King would retain hereditary powers and appoint ministers, but power
was seriously cut
Could no longer veto
Assembly dealt with…




These were so helpful, make my own revsion pack using this as a guideline. Straight to the point and effective.



very useful, thanks



kill urdelf



the french revolution was just a group of people in wigs running around shouting and waving pieces of paper in the air

Fire Alarm


ummm, Klaw018, that's very rude!!

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