First 169 words of the document:
Why use behaviour modification?
Prison is meant to have a rehabilitative function
Behaviour modification utilises a learning theory approach based on a behaviourist approach
What is meant by `token economy'?
Based on operant conditioning principles whereby reinforcement is given for acceptable
1. Draw up a list of desirable behaviours, e.g. complying with rules, doing chores, engaging in
2. When appropriate behaviour is used, award a `token' (e.g. sticker): this is referred to as
3. Tokens can be exchanged for reinforcers, e.g. sweets, drinks, home visits
Note: undesirable behaviours are not reinforced and so should extinguish
Cullen and Seddon
Ethics: token economies inevitably involve manipulation of behaviour: arguably this is
Superficial: removing reinforcers often removes desirable behaviour. So any changes may
only be short term, e.g. whilst in the prison environment