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Topic 4- Festivals and worship
Puja, Holi, Navaratri, Dusshera,
Dewali and Genash Chaturthi…read more

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· The word Puja means worship in Hinduism.
· They do this to show devotion and in hope of a blessing in return.
· There is no standard way of worship in Hinduism, Hindus can do this in many
different ways depending on the background they are from.
· In almost every Hindu home you will find a shrine to their favorite God.
· The shrines often have photos of deities and a copper vessel containing water from
the Ganges.
· All the products needed for daily puja is normally put out onto a tray near the
household shrine, this includes; Kuk-Kum powder, rice grains, flowers and fruit,
incense sticks, sandlewood paste, water, milk, ghee lamp, arti lamp, mala beads
and a small bell.
· Almost every Hindu has a shrine in their home, no matter what economic status.
· Even if a Hindu is poor and doesn't have much money, any offering ill do and
Brahman will take this offering- `whoever offers me, with devotion and a pure
heart, a leaf, a flower, a fruit or a little water- I accept this offering'.
· The women of the household usually performs Puja and she usually arises early in
the morning to prepare and have a bath and offer puja at home shrine before
doing daily chores- puja is performed in the morning and in the night.…read more

Slide 3

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Puja- Actions and meanings
· Bath before puja- as sign of respect and to clear away any sin or
· Ringing of the bell- to invite the deity into the home to worship and
symbolises the waking up of the God ready to worship.
· Water and sweet mints are offered to welcome and honor the guest.
· Give a bath to the image to keep them clean and comfortable.
· Powders such as Turmeric and sandlewood used to make everyone feel
calm and relaxed.
· Offerings of flowers made to show commitment and express devotion and
love to their chosen God.
· Incense and Ghee lamps lit to create nice fragrant atmosphere.
· Offerings of food and fruits to make them feel welcome.
· Arti Ceremony to represent love and devotion and represent knowledge.
· Prashad as gesture of good will.…read more

Slide 4

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Types of Puja
· Durga Puja during festival of Navaratri.
· Lakshmi puja during Dewali festival.
· Kali Puja during other festivals.
· Vishnu during Dewali.…read more

Slide 5

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Puja in Temple
· They perform puja in Temple in same way as in
home but it is more communal and music,
blessings, ringing of bells, money put in money box,
milk and oil poured and offerings are performed.
· Arti ceremony- have a tray of 5 lights and is waved
in front of images, bell rung, meditate, offerings,
touch flame and then touch themselves (fire is holy
in Hinduism), incense, eat Prashad, sprinkle water
over heads.…read more

Slide 6

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· Shows devotion to chosen Deity or God.
· Strengthens relationship between them and God.
· Shows respect and love.
· Helps strengthens bond and maintain a feeling of relationship with God.
· Enabled devotee to feel closer to Moksha and Brahman.
· Actions during puja relate to 5 main elements, fire, water, air, earth and wind and
also 5 senses, touch, taste, hear, smell and sight. These are expressions of thanks to
God for giving life.
· Brings presence of deity into home and blesses them during their troubles or life.
· Path of love and devotion- Bhakti Yoga.
· Strengthens faith and keeps religion going.
· Educates rest of persons in household.
· Gives Hindus a sense of identity and belonging.
· Gives them a sense of community and togetherness when performed within
· Strengthens relationship within family as all may participate.
· It is a way of coping during harsh times- People often do puja to Lakshmi to help
them with money troubles such as in businesses etc.…read more

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