Slides in this set
· Fibres are spun into yarns then woven
or knitted into fabrics. After finishing
(dyeing, needle punching, overlocking,
pressing and decoration) they are made
into a garment.
· Synthetic fibres are continuous
filament fibres whilst natural fibres are
short staple fibres. The only exception
is silk.…read more
· Woven fabrics are made by weaving
· There are several types of weaves
which can produce fabrics with
· The main types of weaves are called
the plain weave, the twill weave and
the satin weave.…read more
· The warp yarns in a woven fabric are the yarns that
· The weft yarns are the ones that go horizontally.
You can remember the weft one, by memorizing
`the weft goes left', just note the weft doesn't actually
go left, it goes from left to right and back again, but
usually you should pick up the hint that by saying
`weft goes left', the yarn is starting from the right
and going to the left.
· The selvedge is the strongest part of a weave, it is the
edge of the weave where a yarn turns to enter the
weaving again. There is a selvedge that goes
horizontally and vertically.…read more
· The yarns in a plain weave go over and under
every alternate one(over every odd one and
under every even one, and then underneath,
over every even one and under every odd
one, and so on).
· It creates a strong fabric even though it is the
simplest weave yet tightest.
· The closer the yarns are, the denser the
· The fabric looks the same on both sides.
· Examples include calico, muslin, taffeta.…read more