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Textiles
Finishing Processes
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Slide 2

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Learning objectives
Learning objectives
· To understand what finishing processes are, and
the differences between physical, chemical and
biological processes.
· To understand how these processes can alter the
properties of a fabric.
· To consider the benefits different finishing
processes offer.
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Slide 3

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What are finishing processes?
Finishing processes are usually applied to fabric before it is
manufactured into products.
The processes can change or alter a number of the fabric's
properties, including its feel, durability and appearance.
Processes can be physical, chemical or biological.
A number of new finishes are also being developed.
What finishing processes do you think might have
been applied to these items?
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Slide 4

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What do you know?
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Slide 5

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Physical finishes
There are many physical finishes that are used for
furnishings, specialist clothing and patterned fabric.
Embossing is a process that
is applied to synthetic
fabrics. The fabric passes
through two rollers which
have a pattern engraved on
the surface. The rollers are
heated and the pattern is
melted into the fabric.
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Slide 6

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Physical finishes
Brushing can be applied to
natural and man-made fabrics,
e.g. wool, cotton and
polyester. The fabric is
passed between a number of
rollers which have tiny wires
on the surface. These wires
brush the fabric and leave it
fluffy. This process is popular
for bedding and fleece
outerwear.
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