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·Timing ­ you have one minute per mark, this means a 3 mark question should take you 3
minutes. If you spend too long on a question you may not finish the paper.
·Use of space ­ you are given roughly 2 lines per mark unless part of the answer is a
diagram or it is a single word answer. You MUST write only within the box or on the lines
provided or the examiner will not be able to see your answer (marking is done online). If
you cross your answer out and/or need to continue your answer onto the extension sheet
at the back then you must provide a link i.e. `see extension sheet'. On the extension
sheet note the question number precisely e.g. 3b(iii). Writing too much can be a waste of
your time; avoid writing extended answers for just a couple of marks!
·Spelling ­ you need to be able to spell all technical terms accurately. There are always 2
marks per paper (which can make half a grade difference!) where answers have to be spelt
correctly indicated by a pencil symbol next to the question. As we cannot predict which
make sure you spell everything correctly.
·Calculations ­ write the formula, substitute the numbers and provide the answer in the
correct units. You are normally directed as to how many decimal places are required, if not
round up to 2 decimal places.
·Graphs ­ draw in HB pencil and, if you have time at the end of the paper, go over in black
ink. You will be expected to be exact and neat with any lines passing exactly through your
plotted points.
·Diagrams. If the question mentions them use them. Draw in HB pencil and if you have
time go over in black ink. Make sure your labels are millimetre perfect. You can include
them in any answer if it helps you to explain.
·If you finish early read the QUESTIONS again ­ many marks are lost by misinterpreting
the question.…read more

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You must respond to ALL command words e.g. if a 2 mark question asks
you to describe and explain then there will be one mark for each. You
could make 10 descriptive points and still only get 1 mark.
Common command words are:
Name ­ usually a one word answer to identify the feature/process.
Describe ­ say WHAT something is like or give an account of events.
Explain ­ give reasons WHY something is as it is, or say HOW it operates.
Calculate ­ show the method and obtain a numerical answer.
Outline ­ state the main features.
Suggest ­ state the most likely.
Define ­ give a brief explanation of what something means.
Draw ­ use an annotated sketch to illustrate.
Label ­ identify features ON a map, cross-section or diagram.
Annotate ­ label your diagram using sentences to describe or explain.…read more

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NOTE this is intended to supplement your revision and may
not be comprehensive. Please also see your class and
lab notes, revision cards and other PowerPoints.
Answer the questions as fully as you can before looking at
the answers and you will learn a lot more.…read more

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answer the following:
1. What is the age of the solar system?
2. How did the solar system form?
3. What is the composition of the Sun?
4. List the sequence of planets starting from the Sun (use
capital letters for names) and include the asteroid belt.
5. Name the terrestrial planets and describe their similarities
to Earth.
6. Name the gas giants and describe their characteristics.…read more

Slide 6

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1. The solar system is 4,600 million years old.
2. The solar system formed from an initial cloud of gas and
dust which collapsed under gravity to form a rotating disc.
Gravity drew material into the centre to form the Sun and
the planets formed by accretion from the nebular cloud.
Denser material formed the inner planets; less dense
formed the outer gas giants.
3. The Sun is composed of hydrogen and helium.
4. The sequence of planets from the Sun is: Mercury, Venus,
Earth, Mars, asteroid belt, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and
Neptune.…read more

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