Explain Paley's teleological argument

An essay on the teleological arument by Paley

By Maryam Kalim

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Explain Paley's teleological argument
Explain Paley's Teleological Argument (AO1 25marks)
Firstly, Telos is the Greek word for end or result of some course of action.
Therefore, The Teleological Argument looks to demonstrate the existence of
God by looking at the universe and trying to demonstrate that is has been
designed for some reason or purpose. Evidence of design within the universe
leads to the question, if the universe has been designed, who or what designed
it? Furthermore, The Teleological Argument aims to demonstrate that the
designer of the universe is God. The Teleological Argument is also an example
of an a posteriori argument which means that it's a synthetic argument that
reaches conclusions based on evidence observed. As well as this, The
Teleological Argument can also be referred to as the design argument.
The Teleological Argument based on qua purpose is written by Paley and aims
to demonstrate that the universe must have been created for a purpose. As well
as this, its states that everything in the universe has a purpose for example: the
purpose of a seed is to grow into a flower. Therefore, The Teleological Argument
based on qua regularity suggests that, the universe is so complicated that it can't
have been created by mistake surely something must have created and
designed the universe. Paley argued that the natural world was full of apparent
examples of design. For this reason he suggested that elements of the universe
fit together to meet a function. For example: the structure of the human eye is so
complex and sophisticated for seeing that surely it must have been designed
and surely it must have a designer.
Furthermore, Paley used the analogy of the watch to explain why the universe
must have a designer? The word analogy means, drawing a comparison in order
to show a similarity between two things. There are two parts too Paley's analogy
part one and two. The analogy of the watch part one is that the watch has a
purpose to tell the time, the parts work together or are fit for a purpose, the parts
are ordered and put together in a certain way to make the watch function and the
last part of the analogy is if the parts are arranged in a different way the watch
does not work this means that it does not fulfil its purpose. Conclusion: the watch
had a maker who must have existed at some time and at some place or other,
an artificer or artificers who formed it for the purpose which we find it actually to
answer. The point Paley is trying to make is that the watch's existence suggests
it was designed for a purpose. Part two of the analogy is, suppose the watch had
another imaginary function, for example: it could produce other watches if this
was the case your admiration for the watchmaker would be increased.
Conclusion: any person finding such a watch would conclude that the design of
the watch implies the presence of intelligence and mind.
This leads to the question how does the analogy of the watch link to the
universe? According to Paley the analogy of the watch links to the universe
because, Paley argued that just as the watch being designed necessitates a
designer to explain why it exists, so all of nature requires a much greater
designer. Paley pointed out that the complexity of nature is far greater than any
machine human beings can make. Therefore the whole of nature requires a
By Maryam Kalim

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Explain Paley's teleological argument
grand designer. That grand designer can only be God. In other words this is
trying to say that, the ability to create the universe is complex therefore
something beyond human knowledge something that is transcendent can only
create the universe and that something is God.
Paley also wrote another teleological argument based on qua regularity. In this
argument he used the twentieth century support from Arthur Brown who provides
the example of the ozone layer.…read more


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