The Teleological Argument

Information on Aquinas' and Paley's Teleological Argument as well as the critisms to the argument

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The Teleological Argument
The design argument is a type of
teleological argument and is the argument
for the existence of God based on the
complexity of design in the world. The
design argument is a posteriori, meaning
that it is based on logic and experiences.
The two philosophers, Thomas Aquinas
and William Paley, both presented
different design argument.
Thomas Aquinas
Thomas Aquinas saw that there were many objects in the world that lacked
innate knowledge yet still had a purpose because he believed that God
designed them in that way.
As Aquinas was already a Catholic his teleological argument is to design as he
went from God to design as he was trying to prove God's existence. His main
idea was that God designed everything to have a purpose and uses the analogy
of the archer to further his point. The archer is meant to portray the intelligent
being behind the design (God) who is directing the arrow (everything in the
universe) to its purpose
Evaluation of Thomas Aquinas
Weaknesses
Even though the argument is logical there is no concrete proof
supporting this and a lot of the argument is based on having faith in
God that a large number of people do not have
Even though everything may seem to have a purpose to us, we do not
have a wide enough knowledge to know that everything needs to have a
purpose in the bigger picture
There is no way of telling if all objects that we believe don't have innate
knowledge definitely don't
Strengths
Provides a logical argument if you believe in God
We can observe in the world around us that a large number of objects
seem to have a purpose even if they do not appear to have a sense of
knowledge

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William Paley
Paley saw elements of complex design in the world and came to the conclusion
that there must be a higher intelligence that designed it.
Paley's teleological argument is from design as he first sees the design in the
world and then draws the conclusion that there is a God.…read more

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Science and the Teleological Argument
Charles Darwin
Darwin observed the world and tried to explain how things are how they are.
His most famous observations were natural selection as he noticed that species
that couldn't adapt couldn't survive and then used this to form the theory of
evolution. The theory of evolution does not require a higher being
John Stuart Mill
He believed that progress of the world come from pain and suffering and that the
design of the world imperfect.…read more

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