ESSAY PLAN: Discuss explanations for the success and/or failure of dieting - Jan 2010

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Bibi Masala PSYA3: Eating disorders
Discuss explanations
for the success and/or
failure of dieting.
(Jan 2010)
Introduction: Define
key assumptions,
terms.
Dieting involves
restricting food
intake to
reduce weight.
It can also be
combined with
exercising.
Dieting is very
common in
Western
societies at
least ­ about
40% are trying
to lose weight.
The issue of
dieting is more
complex than it
seems as
dieting is hard
and they are
not always
successful and
when they are
they require
hard work and
determination.
This essay will
discuss the
factors which
lead to the
failure of
dieting and
secondly, what
we know about

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Bibi Masala PSYA3: Eating disorders
successful
dieting.
Approach (A01) Methodology ­ studies (A01): Evaluation (A02):
Cognitive approach
(Although cognitive Herman and Mack(1975)
can also be biological) Hypothesis: Individuals have a Methodological issues
Boundary model: set-point and weight does not Individual differences, some
Suggests that hunger fluctuate very much above or participants may have preferred
and satisfaction below (homeostasis). ice-cream more than others.
(satiety) keep food Participants: 45 women. Lab study ­ good internal validity
intake within certain Procedure: 3 groups.…read more

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Bibi Masala PSYA3: Eating disorders
Holistic ­ the boundary model
combines both biological and
cognitive factors. It is not
reductionist.
Restraint theory: Wardle and Beale (1988) Support:
Herman and Mack Aim: Whether dieting resulted
(1975), explains both in overeating. Herman and Mack (1975) Hypothesis:
consequences and Procedure: randomly assigned Supports a causal link between
causes associated with to either a diet group, exercise dieting and overeating.
the cognitive restriction group or a control group for 7
of food intake. weeks.…read more

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Bibi Masala PSYA3: Eating disorders
Gender bias ­ no men therefore
results cannot be generalised to a
male population.
Cultural bias ­ based on Western
(European) values and does not
take non-western values into
consideration. Misra (2007) said
there is evidence that young Asians
have a greater central fat mass than
Europeans and therefore they
could find it harder to diet
suggesting Asians have a natural
inclination to obesity.…read more

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Bibi Masala PSYA3: Eating disorders
Psychodynamic
approach
Ironic process, the role Wegner et al.,1987 ­ White Support:
of denial refers to Bear Study
when dieters try not to Procedure: Asked participants Wegner (1994) ­ admits the
think about eating to not think about a white bear existence of the `ironic effect' but
unhealthy food, and to ring the bell when they
argues that it isn't particularly huge
however this means it do. The control group
as experimental effects go.…read more

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Bibi Masala PSYA3: Eating disorders
theory. A much
better
approach would
be to combine
psychological,
social and
biological
approaches to
convincingly
explain the
success and
failure of
dieting as there
is no single
dominant
explanation that
can withstand
criticism. For
example, lots of
studies adopt
the behavioural
approach by
arguing that
reinforcement
from social
support can
help maintain
diets.…read more

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Bibi Masala PSYA3: Eating disorders
maintain weight
loss by the NHS,
so they must
work.…read more

Comments

Anisa -Team GR

really good well done

MrsMacLean

A very useful essay plan, my students will love this! Many thanks.

khal123_xo

You're very welcome! More should be coming soon! 

moriya

this is amazing, however it doesn't have anything on the success ...? 

khal123_xo

My argument is directed more towards the fact that dieting can be successful but it requires the diathesis approach. Note it says 'and/or'. I felt the argument for the failure of dieting is more stronger. But feel free to research the success of dieting, if you you have a strong argument for that stance. Take care! 

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