Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1
Bibi Masala PSYA3: Eating disorders






Discuss explanations
for the success and/or
failure of dieting.
(Jan 2010)


Introduction: Define
key assumptions,
terms.

Dieting involves
restricting food
intake to
reduce weight.
It can also be
combined with
exercising.
Dieting is very
common in
Western
societies at
least ­ about
40% are trying…

Page 2

Preview of page 2
Bibi Masala PSYA3: Eating disorders




successful
dieting.


Approach (A01) Methodology ­ studies (A01): Evaluation (A02):
Cognitive approach

(Although cognitive Herman and Mack(1975)
can also be biological) Hypothesis: Individuals have a Methodological issues
Boundary model: set-point and weight does not Individual differences, some
Suggests that hunger fluctuate very much above or…

Page 3

Preview of page 3
Bibi Masala PSYA3: Eating disorders




Holistic ­ the boundary model
combines both biological and
cognitive factors. It is not
reductionist.


Restraint theory: Wardle and Beale (1988) Support:
Herman and Mack Aim: Whether dieting resulted
(1975), explains both in overeating. Herman and Mack (1975) Hypothesis:
consequences and Procedure: randomly assigned Supports…

Page 4

Preview of page 4
Bibi Masala PSYA3: Eating disorders




Gender bias ­ no men therefore
results cannot be generalised to a
male population.
Cultural bias ­ based on Western
(European) values and does not
take non-western values into
consideration. Misra (2007) said
there is evidence that young Asians
have a greater central fat mass…

Page 5

Preview of page 5
Bibi Masala PSYA3: Eating disorders




Psychodynamic
approach
Ironic process, the role Wegner et al.,1987 ­ White Support:
of denial refers to Bear Study
when dieters try not to Procedure: Asked participants Wegner (1994) ­ admits the
think about eating to not think about a white bear existence of the `ironic…

Page 6

Preview of page 6
Bibi Masala PSYA3: Eating disorders




theory. A much
better
approach would
be to combine
psychological,
social and
biological
approaches to
convincingly
explain the
success and
failure of
dieting as there
is no single
dominant
explanation that
can withstand
criticism. For
example, lots of
studies adopt
the behavioural
approach by
arguing…

Page 7

Preview of page 7
Bibi Masala PSYA3: Eating disorders




maintain weight
loss by the NHS,
so they must
work.








Comments

Anisa -Team GR

really good well done

MrsMacLean

A very useful essay plan, my students will love this! Many thanks.

khal123_xo

You're very welcome! More should be coming soon! 

moriya

this is amazing, however it doesn't have anything on the success ...? 

khal123_xo

My argument is directed more towards the fact that dieting can be successful but it requires the diathesis approach. Note it says 'and/or'. I felt the argument for the failure of dieting is more stronger. But feel free to research the success of dieting, if you you have a strong argument for that stance. Take care! 

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all resources »