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What are they?
Ecological Conservation Areas
Conservation areas are developed for a variety of
reasons. Some include;
· Encouraging wildlife back into cities
· Making cheap use of an otherwise derelict area
that would be more expensive to set up as a park.
· Reducing maintenance costs in an area
· Maintaining a diverse species base and
reintroducing locally extinct species…read more

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Groups behind Ecological
Conservation Areas
Groups and organisations behind such a conservation include;
· Local authorities
· National government
· Natural England
· Joint Nature Conservation Committee
· Conservation volunteers
· Groundwork
· The National Urban Forestry Unit
· The National Trust
· English Heritage
· Potential users of the site and local inhabitants…read more

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Why are they set up?
There is a range of attitudes to conservation areas of
vegetated areas in urban environments. Different groups have
different priorities, and these affect their view of
conservation. For example, local authorities have planning
needs, and have to balance the desire to make use of derelict
land against the potential cost to local taxpayers.
Conservation groups want to create environments where
traditional species can re-establish. Local people often want a
safe environments for leisure pursuits and may, through
Fields in Trust, wish to establish playing fields. Urban wildlife
groups prefer areas that provide cover for wildlife. Issues of
conservation include the eventual management plan for an
area, the resolution of ownership, cost and satisfaction of the
needs of various user groups.…read more

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Dulwich Upper Wood
Dulwich Upper Wood is a 2.4 hectare local nature reserve and Site of Borough
Importance fro Nature Conservation, Grade 1 in Crystal Palace in the London Borough
of Southwark. It is owned by Southwark Council and managed by the Trust for Urban
The site is mainly oak woodland, and some of the oak trees are over 300 years old. It
also has many sycamores and other native trees, while some date from the Victorian
gardens. There are over 200 species of fungus, and plants include wood anemones,
bluebells, ramsons and yellow pimpernels. There is a wide variety of breeding birds
The wood was once part of the Great North Wood in the Manor of Dulwich. After the
Great Exhibition at Crystal Palace in 1852 the area was rapidly developed, and what is
now the wood became the gardens of large houses. After the Crystal Palace burnt down
in 1936 the area declined, and the houses were eventually demolished, while the
gardens became overgrown. In 1981 the wood was entrusted to the Ecological Parks
Trust, now the Trust for Urban Ecology, as a nature reserve…read more

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Successes of Dulwich Upper Wood
· There are a number of both preserved and re-created habitats
including coppiced areas, wet areas and a pond, herb garden and
foxglove area.
· The site is both managed and allowed to grow wild in some areas.
· There is a range of different habitats.
· There is plenty of wildlife on site including mammals, more than 40
species of birds and a wide variety of insects.
· `original' habitats have been preserved, enabling native species of
plants and animals to survive.
· It is a good example of how habitats can be preserved and created
and yet still allow the public access through a network of trails.
· The site has an educational value with a posted nature trail.…read more


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